Flea News Volume 57

Produced by R.E. Lewis, Department of Entomology, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011

FLEA NEWS is a biannual newsletter devoted to matters involving insects belonging to the order Siphonaptera (fleas) and related subjects. It is compiled and distributed free of charge by Robert E. Lewis in cooperation with the Department of Entomology at Iowa State University, Ames, IA, and a grant in aid from Wellmark International.

Flea News is mainly bibliographic in nature. Many of the sources are abstracting journals and title pages and not all citations have been checked for completeness or accuracy. Additional information will be provided upon written or e-mail request. Further, recipients are urged to contribute items of interest to the professon for inclusion herein.

This newsletter is now available in electronic format. The preferred method of accessing the electronic version is through the WorldWide Web at the following Universal Resource Locator: https://www.ent.iastate.edu/fleanews/aboutfleanews.html or through either Gopher or anonymous FTP: gopher.ent.iastate.edu in the "Publications" directory. Electronic versions are available for No. 46, July, 1993; No. 47, December, 1993; No. 48, July, 1994; No. 49, December, 1994; No. 50, June, 1995; No. 51, December, 1995; No. 52, June, 1996, No. 53, December, 1996; No. 54, June, 1997, 55, January, 1998, No 56, August, 1998 and this number.


Mailing List Additions and Changes

Adams, Mr. Lloyd F.
12930 Timothy Lane
Fort Myers, FL 33908 USA

, Dr. Vladimir
14 Kapalskaya Str.
Kazakh Antiplague Research Institute
Almaty 480074 KAZAKHSTAN

Bronswijk, Dr. J.E.M.H. van
Technische Universiteit Eindhoven
BMGT Laboratorium Biologische Agentia
IPO 2.25, Postbus 513
5600 MB Eindhoven, NETHERLANDS

Chilton, Dr. Glen
Biology - St. Mary's College
4811 6th Street S. W.
Calgary, Alberta

Dittmar, Ms. Katharina, DVM
Universidad Nacional Mayor San Marcos
Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria
Seccion Postgrado
Lima, PERU

Donoghue, Ann R., DVM
Product Development & Regulatory Affairs
Heska Corporation
1825 Sharp Point Drive
Fort Collins, CO 80525 USA

Katavolos, Ms. Paula
1450 Worcester Road # 503
Framingham, MA 01702 USA

Main, Dr. Andrew
Biology Unit / Science Department
113 Kasr el Aini
P.O. Box 2511
Cairo, 11511, EGYPT

Morone, Dr. Juan J.
Museo de Zoologia
Fac. Ciencias - UNAM
Apdo. postal 70-399
84510 Mexico D. F., MEXICO

Patrick, Dr. Michael
Department of Biology
Pennsylvania State University
3000 Ivyside Park
Altoona, PA 16601-3760 USA

Robinson, Dr. William
Urban Pest Control Research Center
601 North Main Street #176
Blacksburg, VA 24060-3349 USA

Roderick, Constance
National Wildlife Health Center
6006 Schroeder Road
Madison, WI 53711 USA

Upton, Dr. Steve J.
Division of Biology
Ackert Hall
Kansas State University
Manhattan, KS 66506-4901 USA

Warner, William
Farnam Companies Inc.
301 W. Osborn Road
Phoenix, AZ 85013 USA

The Fifth International Symposium on Ectoparasites of Pets will be held in Fort Collins, Colorado, on April 11-13, 1999. This is a biennial event bringing together some of the world's foremost researchers on pests affecting companion animals (cats, dogs, horses). Paper submissions are solicited on appropriate topics.

February 8, 1999 is the deadline for submission of paper titles and 250-word abstracts. The 10 minute papers will be presented on topics involving ectoparasites of pets. Abstracts must be accompanied by a title, name of author(s), affiliations and addresses. Title and abstract may be submitted in hard copy or electronically in Word for Windows or WordPerfect.

All speckers will be requested to submit a formal paper at the meeting. These will be compiled into a bound proceedings and distributed to the participants.

February 17, 1999 is the cutoff for hotel reservations. Please call the University Park Holiday Inn at (970) 482 2626. Mention that you are with the "Ectoparasite Symposium". This is also the deadline for pre-registration. Registration prior to this date: Full Member $100.00, Student $50.00. After this date: Full Member $150.00, Student $75.00. Make checks or intern-ational money orders payable to Ann Donoghue - 5th ISEP and return check and registration form to her at her business address. A registration form for this Sym-posium may be found on page 676 of this issue

The symposium will begin at 1:00 pm on Sunday, April 11th. The welcoming mixer will run from 6-8:00 pm. Monday's sessions will be on dogs and cats. Monday evening is the banquet. Tuesday's session will meet from 8:00 am until noon and focus on pests of horses. This tentative schedule is subject to change depending on the the quantity and type of abstracts received.

Fort Collins is located on the Front Range of the Rocky Mountains. Spring skiing before and after the meeting is only a 2-3 hour drive away at the major ski resorts. The Old Town district is beautifully restored, with many shops, restaurants and lovely walks. Colorado State University is right next door. There are 8 microbreweries in town, live music, a dinner theater and the Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts.


The following article concerning plague in prairie dogs in Texas is taken from the July-August issue of the Technical Inform-ation Bulletin of the Armed Forces Pest Management Board.

"In late April and early May of 1998, approximately 500 prairie dogs were captured from a site in southwest Hockley County, Texas, by an exotic animal dealer in the Texas panhandle. Five days after the last collection, 356 of the animals were shipped to a broker in another part of the state. A few deaths occurred 3-4 days post-arrival at that facility but were considered to be due to shipping stress. Seven days after arrival (12-17 days post-capture) a significant number of deaths [occurred] and continued for 3-4 days. Tetracyclene and sulfamethazine were admin-istered and about 75 of the animals survived.

"Cohorts retained by the dealer remained healthy, so a feed or environmental problem was suspected. Three of the dead prairie dogs arrived at the Texas Veterinary Medical Diagnostic Laboratory (TVMDL) in Amarillo on May 15. Contaminants prevented bacteriological confirmation, but Gram staining and gross pathology resulted in the Texas Department of Health (TDH) Public Health Region 1 being notified of suspected plague on May 20. The CDC plague laboratory in Forth Collins, Colorado, confirmed plague by [fluorescent antibody] testing on May 22, 1998. Upon notification of the results, the broker immediately euthanized and incinerated all remaining prairie dogs. Since the cohorts in the panhandle remained unaffected, the dealer returned them to the capture site. A plague alert was issued to all appropriate health professionals in the area. Although the capture site apparently remains inaffected, die-off in other prairie dog towns in the vicinity has been detected since the incident. Notification of oil companies operating in the area has been implemented.

"In spite of a stringent flea control program during and following capture, and a minimum 10-day post-capture isolation protocol for plague detection (on site or at the broker's facility), diseased prairie dogs had the potential [of being] shipped around the world. Based on the shipper's protocol, the animals in this incident could have been shipped 2 days prior to the occurrence of significant death losses, which would have exposed a myriad of people.

"This incident highlights the danger inherent in removing wild animals from their environment for sale as pets or research subjects, placing them in close contact with humans."


Although it may not be obvious from the titles, citations included here pertain to fleas and the zoonoses associated with them. No particular effort has been made to search the medical and veterinary literature and the emphasis here is on the taxonomy, system-atics and general biology of the order.

It should be understood that all Russian and Chinese citations listed here are in Russian or Chinese, although they may have summ-aries or abstracts in English or some other language. Additional information is available upon request (including e-mail) and recipients are urged to report citations of articles on Siphonaptera, particularly those published in rare sources or those in journals peripheral to the field of Entomology.

1995 (List 7)

Litvinova, E. A. Description of a new species of the genus Spilotylenchus (Nema-toda, Tylenchida) a parasite of the flea Neo-psylla bidentatiformis (Insecta: Siphonap-tera). Zoologicheskii Zhurnal 74(6): 39-43.

MA Li-ming Some physiological and envi-ronmental factors influencing the feeding act-ivities of Neopsylla bidentatiformis and Citel-lophilus tesquorum sungaris. Acta Parasit-ologica et Medica Entomologica Sinica 2(2): 108-116.

1996 (List 6)

Donahue, W. A. & R. Young. Assess-ing the efficacy of (S)-methoprene collars against flea egg hatch on pets. Veterinary Medicine 91(11): 1000 ... 1005.

LI Zhong-lai & MA Li-ming. Further studies on survival of fleas Neopsylla bidentatiformins and Citellophilus tesquorum sungaris. Acta Parasitologica et Medica Entomologica Sinica 3(1): 44-49.

Pe Than Htun, Win Htin, Moe Myint Kyu, Wai Si Thaung, Wah Wah Khet Soe Soe Kyu & Hla Naing. Seasonal variation of flea populations and its relat-ionship with small mammal hosts in sub-urban Yangon. Myanmar Health Sciences Research Journal 8(3): 120-124.

Sleeman, D. P., P. Smiddy & P. Moore. The fleas of Irish terrestrial mammals: a review. The Irish Naturalist's Journal 25(7) 237-248.

1997 (List 4)

Abebe, W., T Asfaw, B. Genete, B. Kassa & P. Dorchies. Comparative studies of external parasites and gastro-intestinal helminths of chicken kept under different management systems in and around Addis Ababa (Ethiopia). Revue de Médecine Vétérinaire 148(6): 497-500.

Anderson, S. H. & E. S. Williams. Plague in a complex of white-tailed prairie dogs and associated small mammals in Wyo-ming. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 33(4): 720-732.

Aydenizöz, M. & M. Köse. Prevalence of the ectoparasites of dogs in Konya Prov-ince. Acta Parasitologica Turcica 21(3): 321-325.

Bannerjee, P. S. Efficacy of herbal ecto-parasiticide AV/EPP/14 on some ectopara-sites of dogs and cattle. Journal of Veter-inary Parasitology 11(2): 215-217.

Bevier, D. E. Flea allergy dermatitis testing breakthrough. Canine Practice 22 (2/3): 49-50.

Bille, N. (Ed.). 9. Fleas - K. S. Larsen - p. 66-67. Annual Report - Danish Pest Infestation Laboratory. 112 pp.

Bursten, S. N., R. B. Kimsey & D. H. Owings. Ranging of male Oropsylla montana fleas via male California ground squirrel (Spermophilus beecheyi) juveniles. Journal of Parasitology 83(5): 804-809.

Chadee, D. D. Tungiasis among five communities in south-west Trinidad, West Indies. Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology 92(1): 107-113.

Chumakova, I. V. & F. I. Tovkanev. The insecticidal activity of oraldelt and omaita against rodent fleas: results of trials. Meditsinskaya Parazitologiya i Parazitarnye Bolezni (1997) No. 1: 55-58.

Cully, J. F., Jr., A. M. Barnes, T. J. Quan & G. Maupin. Dynamics of plague in a Gunnison's prairie dog colony complex from New Mexico. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 33(4): 706-719.

Filimonova, S. A. Electron microscopic investigation of Xenopsylla cheopis oogen-esis. Tsitologiya 38(7): 703-717.

Garcia, G. E., R. A. Wirtz & R. Ro-senberg. Isolation of a substance from the mosquito that activates Plasmodium fertil-ization. Molecular and Biochemical Parasit-ology 88(1/2): 127-135.

Gortel, K. Advances in topical and syst-emic therapy for flea control in dogs. Canine Practice 22(2/3): 16-21.

GUO T.-y., WU H.-y., XU R.-m., WANG D.-l. & YAN G. On the flea fauna of the southern slopes of the Hima-layan Mountains. Acta Parasitologica et Medica Entomologica Sinica 4(1): 45-51.

Gustafson, C. R., A. A. Bickford, G. L. Cooper & B. R. Charlton. Sticktight fleas associated with fowl pox in a backyard chicken flock in California. Avian Diseases 41(4): 1006-1009.

Hubálek, Z & J. Halouzka. Distrib-ution of Borrelia bergdorferi sensu lato genomic groups in Europe: a review. Euro-pean Journal of Epidemiology 13(8): 951-957.

Jacobs, D. E., M. J. Hutchinson, M. T. Fox & K. Kreiger. Comparison of flea control strategies using imidacloprid or lufenuron on cats in a controlled simulated home environment. American Journal of Veterinary Research 58(11): 1260-1262.

Korzun, V. M. & A. Ya. Nikitin. Chaeta asymmetry in Citellophilus tesquorum as a possible marker of flea forming capacity. Meditsinskaya Parazitologiya i Parazitarnye Bolezni (1997) No. 1: 34-36.

Labetskaya, A. G., K. M. Kireenko, I. V. Baidakova & I. M. Tisechkina. Density and biological differences in small mammals' parasites in the evacuation zone of the Chernobyl atomic station. Parazitologia 31(5): 391-396.

Larsen, K. S. & J. Lodal. Evaluation of systemic insecticides mixed in rodenticide baits for plague vector control. Belgian Journal of Zoology 127 (Supplement 1): 119-127.

LI Chao, MU You ZHENG YI, et al. Observations on five fleas experimentally infected with plague. Endemic Diseases Bulletin 12(3): 5-8.

Mazgajski, T. D. & A. H. Kedra. Are nestlings of hole-nesting birds affected by ectoparasites? A review. Wiadomosci Paraz-ytologiczne 43(4): 347-355.

Medvedev, S. G. Host-parasite relation-ships of fleas (Siphonaptera), II. Entomo-logicheskoe Obozrenie 76(4): 755-769

Mei, M. Frontopsylla frontalis frontalis nuova per la fauna Grecia. Fragmenta Entomologica, Roma 29(2): 391-393.

Mei, M. Siphonaptera. In Fratelli Palombe (Ed.). Gili Insetti di Roma. pp. 238-239.

QI Y.-m. Comparisons of esterase isoen-zymes for three different developmental st-ages of three flea species. Acta Parasitol-ogica et Medica Entomologica Sinica 4(3): 170-177.

Ross, D. H., R. G. Pennington, L. R. Cruthers & R. L. Stone. Efficacy of a permethrin and pyriproxyfen product for control of fleas, ticks and mosquitoes on dogs. Canine Practice 22(2/3): 53-58.

Sapegina, V. F., N. L. Gershkovich, Yu. V. Drozdova, I. V. Luk'yanova & Yu. S. Ravkin. Fleas (Siphonaptera) of northeastern and northern Altai. Entomol-ogicheskoe Obozrenie 76(1): 127-134.

Slobodyanyuk, O. V. Revision of the species Psyllotylenchus pawlowskyi (Kuro-chkin, 1960) Poinar & Nelson, 1973. I. Redescription of Spilotylenchus pawlowskyi (sensu stricto) comb. n. (Tylenchida: Allanto-nematidae). Russian Journal of Nematology 5(2): 103-112.

Sleeman, P. & T. Kelly Parasites and diseases of Irish badgers (Meles meles). Small Carnivore Conservation 17: 20-21.

Stansfield, D. G. A review of the safety an efficacy of lufenuron in dogs and cats. Canine Practice 22(2/3): 34-38

Trilar, T. Ectoparasites from the nests of the fat dormouse (Myoxus glis). Natura Croatica 6(4): 409-421.

Vashchenok, V. S. Ecology of fleas of the group conformis species group (Siphon-aptera: Pulicidae: Xenopsylla) from the fauna of Russia and neighboring countries (rev-iew). Parazitologiya 31(6): 492-513.

WANG Guo-li, LI Chao & CAI Li-yun. Description of a new species of the genus Callopsylla from Qinghai Province, China (Siphonaptera: Ceratophyllidae). End-emic Diseases Bulletin 12(3): 62-63.

WANG Z.-g., XU B.-j., CHI Y.-l, LI R.-y & XIE J.-q. Observations on the characteristics of reproductive physiology in the ground squirrel flea Citellophilus tesq-uorum sungaris. Acta Parasitologica et Med-ica Entomologica Sinica 4(2): 102-105.

WU Ai-guo & ZHANG Xi-kun. The variation in population density of Noso-psyllus elongatus elongatus on Rattus flavi-pectus. Endemic Diseases Bulletin 12(3): 36-38.

1998 (List 2)

Allander, K. The effects of an ectoparasite on reproductive success in the great tit: a 3-year experimental study. Canadian Journal of Zoology 76(1): 19-25.

Dean, S. R., R. W. Meola, S. M. Meola, H. Sitterz-Bhatkar & R. Schenker. Mode of action of lufnuron on larval cat fleas (Siphonaptera: Pulicidae). Journal of Medical Entomology 35(5): 720-724.

Foil, L., E. Andress, R. L. Freeman, A. F. Roy, R. Rutledge, P. C. Triche & K. L. O'Reilly. Experimental infection of domestic cats with Bartonella henselae by inoculation of Ctenocephalides felis (Siphon-aptera: Pulicidae) fleas. Journal of Medical Entomology 35(5): 625-628.

Foley, J. E., B. Chomel, Y. Kikuchi, K. Yamamoto & N. C. Pedersen. Seroprevalence of Bartonella henselae in cat-ery cats: association with cattery hygiene and flea infestation. Veterinary Quarterly 20(1): 1-5.

Franc, M. & M. C. Cadiergues. Com-parative activity in dogs of deltamethrin- and diazinon-impregnated collars against Cteno-cephalides felis. American Journal of Veterinary Research 59(1): 59-60.

Franc, M., P. Choquart & M. C. Cadiergues. Species of fleas found on dogs in France. Revue de Médecine Vétérin-aire 149(2): 135-140.

Hastriter, M. W. Chiastopsylla tetratricha (Siphonaptera: Chimaeropsyllidae), a new species from Cape Province, South Africa. Journal of African Zoology 112(2): 97-102.

Hinnebusch, B. J., K. L. Gage & T. G. Schwan. Estimation of vector infectivity rates for plague by means of a standard curve-based competitive polymerase chain reaction method to quantify Yersinia pestis in fleas. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 58(5): 562-569.

Hopkins, T. J., C. Kerwick, P. Gyr & I. Woodley. Efficacy of imidacloprid in the treatment of Ctenocephalides felis infes-tation in dogs and cats. Zycie Weternaryjne 73(1): 29-31.

Hopkins, T. J., I. Woodley & P. Gyr. Larvicidal effect of imidacloprid on Ctenocephalides felis larvae in the enviro-nment of treated dogs. Zycie Weterynaryjne 73(2): 70-73.

Hutchinson, M. J., D. E. Jacobs, M. T. Fox, P. Jeannin & J. M. Postal. Evaluation of flea control strategies using fipronil on cats in a controlled simulated home environment. Veterinary Record 142(14): 356-357.

Kwiecinski, G. G. Marmota monax. Mammalian Species 591: 1-8.

McGill, J. S. & J. H. Hobson. Multi-centre clinical evaluation of an herbal skin gel [Phytogel] for veterinary practice - a questionnaire survey. Veterinary Times 28(1): 20-21.

Menier, K. & J.-C. Beaucournu. Tax-onomic study of the genus Ctenocephalides Stiles & Collins, 1930 (Insecta: Siphon-aptera: Pulicidae) by using aedeagus char-acters. Journal of Medical Entomology 35(5): 883-894.

Peck, S. B., J. Heraty, B. Landry & B. J. Sinclair. Introduced insect fauna of an oceanic archipelago: The Galápagos Isl-ands, Ecuador. American Entomologist 44(4): 218-237.

Ross, D. H., D. R. Young, R. Young & R. G. Pennington. Topical pyripro-xyfen for control of the cat flea and man-agement of insecticide resistance. Feline Practice 26(2): 18-22.

Roux, J. & S. Chanteau. Reflections on a plague epidemic in Madagascar. The place of applied research. Bulletin de la Société de Pathologie Exotique 91(1): 81-82.

Simond, M., M. L. Godley & P. D. E. Mouriquand. Paul-Louis Simond and his discovery of plague transmission by rat fleas: a centenary. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine 91(2): 101-104.

Torres-Mura, J. C. & L. C. Cont-reras. Spalacopus cyanus. Mammalian Species 594: 1-5.

Wilson, K., P. Eady & A. J. del Nevo. Origin of an insular population of the wood mouse based on parasitological evid-ence. Journal of Wildlife Diseases. 34(1): 150-154.




AMES, IOWA 50010-4174 USA