Flea News Volume 56

Produced by R.E. Lewis, Department of Entomology, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011

FLEA NEWS is a biannual newsletter devoted to matters involving insects belonging to the order Siphonaptera (fleas) and related subjects. It is compiled and distributed free of charge by Robert E. Lewis in cooperation with the Department of Entomology at Iowa State University, Ames, IA, and a grant in aid from Wellmark International.

Flea News is mainly bibliographic in nature. Many of the sources are abstracting journals and title pages and not all citations have been checked for completeness or accuracy. Additional information will be provided upon written or e-mail request. Further, recipients are urged to contribute items of interest to the professon for inclusion herein.

This newsletter is now available in electronic format. The preferred method of accessing the electronic version is through the WorldWide Web at the following Universal Resource Locator: https://www.ent.iastate.edu/fleanews/aboutfleanews.html or through either Gopher or anonymous FTP: gopher.ent.iastate.edu in the "Publications" directory. Electronic versions are available for No. 46, July, 1993; No. 47, December, 1993; No. 48, July, 1994; No. 49, December, 1994; No. 50, June, 1995; No. 51, December, 1995; No. 52, June, 1996, No. 53, December, 1996; No. 54, June, 1997, 55, January, 1998 and this number.




Flea News (Online) has now been assigned the following International Standard Serial Number: ISSN 1089-7631

Dr. Glen Chilton of the Department of Biology, St. Mary's College, Calgary, Alberta, T2S 2N5, Canada, recently called my attention to the Birds of North America accounts published jointly by the American Ornithologists' Union and the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia. To date 320 accounts have been published and the following titles include information on fleas:

  • 7. Northern Mockingbird
  • 11. Tree Swallow
  • 12. House Sparrow
  • 14. Violet-green Swallow
  • 15. Blue Grouse
  • 42. Northern Saw-whet Owl
  • 48. European Starling
  • 50. Cassin's Auklet
  • 59. Glaucous-winged Gull
  • 61. Burrowing Owl
  • 64. Harris' Sparrow
  • 114. Gyrfalcon
  • 124. Herring Gull
  • 137. Neotropical Cormorant
  • 142. Veery
  • 149. Cliff Swallow
  • 157. Crested Myna
  • 176. Bobolink
  • 182. Northern Waterthrush
  • 183. White-crowned Sparrow
  • 184. Red-winged Blackbird
  • 228. Florida Scrub-jay
  • 230. Le Conte's Thrasher
  • 257. Manx Shearwater
  • 268. Black Phoebe
  • 282. Pelagic Cormorant
  • 286. Sky Lark
  • 287. Purple Martin
  • 288. Chestnut-collared Longspur
  • 316. Northern Wheatear

More information on this series is available from the Academy of Natural Sciences, 1900 Benjamin Franklin Parkway, Philadelphia, PA 19103-1195

Those of you familiar with the literature on the Siphonaptera are likely aware of the only major treatment of the Siphonaptera of South America to be published in English. I am refering to "A classification of the Siphonaptera of South America" by Dr. Phyllis Truth Johnson, as Memoir Number 5 of the Entomological Society of Washington (1957). Dr. Johnson recently wrote that she has a number of copies of this monograph that she is willing to give to interested parties on a first come, first serve basis. She may be reached at 4721 East Harbor Drive, Friday Harbor, WA 98250

Shortly after sending out Flea News 55 last January I received a communication from Dr. Liu Jun, No. 2 Shi Xi Road, Huhhot, 010031, China containing an English abstract of "The Plague of Inner Mongolia" by Liu Jiyou and other authors. The book contains sections dealing with The Epidemiology and Natural Foci of Plague; Bacteriology and Serology of Plague; Hosts and Vectors; and the History of and Future Prospects for Plague Control. This publication is available from Dr. Liu at the address given above. Its price, including postage, is $50.00 American.

Also released in December of 1997 were volumes 11A, B and C (Insecta) of the series "Microscopic Anatomy of Invertebrates" edited by F.W. Harrison and published by John Wiley & Sons, Inc. These volumes contain scattered references to fleas where appropriate, are sold only as a set, and cost $675.00 American. Considering that the volumes are so current, consist of 1520 pages and cover almost every imaginable aspect of insect anatomy, the price may not be as outrageous as it first appears.

While on the subject of publications, the 1997 winter issue of the American Entomologist, 43(4): 227-245), contains an interesting article entitled "Historical Natural History: Insects and the Civil War" by Gary L. Miller. It includes sections on Flies, 'Gallinippers' (mosquitoes), Lice, Bees and Wasps and Food-infesting insects, as well as fleas, and the following excerpts are reprinted from the flea section with permission from the Entomological Society of America.

"The fact that microbes caused more deaths than hostile fire is well known to the student of the American Civil War. However, much overlooked is the insect role in the transmission of disease-causing organisms. Maladies such as dysentary and malaria have an important or critical component and accounted for tremendous suffering during the war. Surrounded by insects such as flies, lice, and fleas, both Union and Confederate soldiers often found themselves battling more than each other. This account reveals the influence of insects on soldiering during the Civil War...

"Overcrowding and poor sanitation during the war provided excellent conditions for rodent populations and their fleas. In addition, camp mascots (e.g. dogs and cats) and humans could harbor their own infestations. Some soldiers were besieged by fleas. In 1862, a Mississippian returning from furlough complained of being preferred for flea attack. 'They hav most Eate me up since I came Back her,' he related. 'I was fresh to them so they pitched in' (Wiley, 1994).

"The abundance of fleas in some camps resulted in some amazing stories, and one Confederate believed fleas could provide additional entertainment. 'I think there are 50 on my person at this time,' he wrote to his wife, 'but you know they never did trouble me.' He then added, 'May I have thought of you often while mashing fleas; if you were here you could have your own sport' (Wiley, 1994). Another Rebel said, 'they [fleas] collect in companies at knight fall for the purpose of carrying us off... though like the Yankees they are repulsed by desperate efforts & great patience' (Wiley, 1994).

"An even more imaginative comrade contended,

A great alarm was heard in the upper part of the regiment; hastening to the spot I enquired what was the matter. A man was asleep in his tent and a couple of fleas had taken holt on him and carried him half way to the river intending drownding [him] while asleep for he had sworn vengence against them (Wiley, 1994)...

"As with lice, fleas also became integrated into soldiering activities. The lowley flea even found its way into a stanza of A. Pender's Goober Peas:

I think my song has lasted almost long enough, The subject's interesting, but the rhymes are mighty rough, I wish this war was over, when free from rags and fleas, We'd kiss our wives and sweethearts and gobble goober peas!"


Since the Traub Memorial issue of the Journal of Medical Entomology was due some time in July, I decided to wait with this issue until I could include the papers in it dealing with fleas. The issue is very well done and much credit goes to Cluff Hopla and Lance Durden who co-edited this number of the Journal.

Although it may not be obvious from the titles, citations included here pertain to fleas and the zoonoses associated with them. No particular effort has been made to search the medical and veterinary literature and the emphasis here is on the taxonomy, systematics and general biology of the order.

1994 (List 8)

Anonymous. B.E.N.H.S. Indoor Meeting - 11 January 1994. British Journal of Entomology and Natural History 7(3): 102-109. (Orchopeas howardi reported from S.E. London.)

1995 (List 6)

Suntsov, V.V., Ly Thi Vi Huong & N. I. Suntsova. The role of wild small animals in the plague foci if Vietnam. Zoologicheskii Zhurnal 74(9): 119-127.

1996 (List 5)

Aytug, N.M., A. Kirkpinar, A Isimer & A. Aydin. Determination and comparison of serum zinc values in healthy dogs and dogs with skin lesions. Veteriner Fakźltesi Dergisi Uludag †niversitesi 15(1/2/3): 197-202.

Darskaya, N.F., T.V. Krylova & D.A. Surkova. The annual cycle of reproduction and development in the flea Amalaraeus penicilliger. Ret Info 4(2): 7-9.

FAN W.-m., WANG Y.-f. & QIAO J.-x. Catalogue of animals and fleas in Henan County, Huangnan Prefecture of Qinghai Province. Endemic Diseases Bulletin 11(3): 76-79.

G—mez, M.S., J. Blasco & J.C. Beaucournu. Occurrence of intergrades between Odontopsyllus quirosi quirosi and Odontopsyllus quirosi episcopalis (Insecta: Siphonaptera) in the northeast of Spain. Parasite 3: 81-84.

HU X.-l., HE J.-h. YANG Z.-m. et al. Observations on the specificity of blood feeding, life span and body weight of Ctenophthalmus quadratus. Endemic Diseases Bulletin 11(4): 21-22.

LIAN Y., HE J.-h. ZHAO W.-h. et al. A study on the vector efficacy of Ctenophthalmus quadratus in the transmission of plague. Endemic Diseases Bulletin 11(1): 20-23.

Medvedev, S.G. Geographical distribution of families of fleas (Siphonaptera). Entomologicheskoe Obozrenie 75(4): 815-833.

Nemec, F. Observations on the distribution of Amalaraeus penicilliger s.l. (Siphonaptera: Ceratophyllidae) in the Czech Republic. Erica (Plzen) 4: 95-101.

Saxena, V.K. & T. Verghese. Ecology of flea-transmitted zoonotic infection in Mamla, Breed District. Current Science 71(10): 800-802.

TIAN J.-e. The horizontal pattern of flea communities in a natural focus of plague in Jianchuan. Endemic Diseases Bulletin 11(3): 53-57

TIAN J.-e. The seasonal pattern of the flea community in a natural plague focus in Jianchuan. Endemic Diseases Bulletin 11(3): 58-62.

WANG G.-l & CAI L.-y. Zoogeographical distribution of new species and subspecies of fleas in Qinghai Province. Endemic Diseases Bulletin 11(4): 44-45.

WANG L., JIN L.-x. & QI Z.-z. Checklist of arthropods naturally infected with Yersinia pestis in each natural focus of plague in China. Endemic Diseases Bulletin 11(1): 50-53.

WANG S.-b., BAI Q.-k, LIU J.-y et al. The development and formulation of criteria for plague control and their main contents. Endemic Diseases Bulletin 11(1): 73-77.

Wells, A. (Ed.) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Vol. 28. Neuroptera, Strepsiptera, Mecoptera, Siphonaptera. CSIRO Publishing. Collingwood, Victoria, Australia. 230 pp. ISBN 0-643-05801-X

ZHANG H.-y., HE J.-h, ZHAO W.-h. et al. The vector efficiency of Neopsylla specialis specialis in transmitting plague. Endemic Diseases Bulletin 11(1): 24-26.

Zinzindohoue, F., J.B. Guiard-Schmid, J.B. la Fottier & R. Parc. Portal triad involvement in cat-scratch disease. Lancet (British edition) 348(9035): 1178-1179.

1997 (List 3)

Arther, R.G., J. Cunningham, H. Dorn, R. Everett, L.G. Herr & T. Hopkins. Efficacy of imidacloprid for removal and control of fleas (Ctenocephalides felis) on dogs. American Journal of Veterinary Research 58(8): 848-850.

Azad, A.F., S. Radulovic, J.A. Higgins, B.H. Noden & J.M. Troyer. Flea-borne rickettsiosis: Ecologic considerations. Emerging Infectious Diseases 3: 319-327.

Barros-Battesti, D.M. & M. Arzula. Geographical distribution by biomes of some marsupial Siphonaptera from the state of Paran‡, Brazil. Mem—rias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz 92(4): 485-486.

Beaucournu, J.C., D. Kock & K. MŽnier. La souris Mus musculus L., 1758 est-elle l'hote primitif de la puce Leptopsylla segnis (Schšnherr) (Insecta: Siphonaptera)? Biogeographica 73(1): 1-12.

Beaucournu, J.C. & V.V. Sountsov. Puces du genre Neopsylla collectŽes au Vietnam: Description de N. bana n. sp. (Siphonaptera: Ctenophthalmidae). Bulletin de la SociŽtŽ Entomologique de France 102(3): 205-209.

Bergmans, A.M.C., C.M.A. Jong, G. van Amerongen, C.S. Schot & L.M. Schouls. Prevalence of Bartonella species in domestic cats in The Netherlands. Journal of Clinical MIcrobiology 35(9): 2256-2261.

CAI L.-y, LI C., ZHENG Y. & WU W.-z. Two new species of Rhadinopsylla from the west of China (Siphonaptera: Hystrichopsyllidae). Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica 22(2): 215-218.

Carri—, J., M. G‡llego & Ma. S. G—mez. Estudio faun’stico de los ectopar‡-sitos de micromam’feros del Delta del Llob-regat (Barcelona). Boletin de la Asociacion Espa–ola de Entomologica 21(3-4): 237-249.

Clark, F. & L.A. Hill. Ectoparasites of the house martin, Delichon urbica (L.) in western Spain. Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 133(1592-95): 41-48.

Clark, J.M., D.D. Heath & M. Stankiewicz. The ectoparasites of the brushtail possum, Trichosurus vulpecula, in New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Zoology 24(2): 199-204.

Cyprich, D., M. Krump‡l & J. Pin-owski. Fleas (Siphonaptera) in the nests of sparrows (Passer domesticus and Passer montanus) in suburban villages of Warsaw (Poland). Oficyna Wydawnicza Instytutu Ekologii Pan, Dziekan—w Lesny 24(97): 23-35.

Davoust, B., M. Boni, D. Branquet, J. Ducos de Lahitte & G. Martet. Search for three parasitic infections in rats trapped in Marsielle: Evaluation of the zoo-notic risk. Bulletin de l'AcadŽmie National de MŽdecine 181(5): 887-897.

El-Damarany, M. Helminth and arthropod parasites of the sand fox, Vulpes ru[e]ppeli (Fissipedia: Carnivora) from Sohag, with a redescription of Platynosomum fastosum (Digenea: Dicrocoeliidae). Journal of the Egyptian Society of Parasitology 27(3): 755-775.

Foster, A.P., H.A. O'Dair & D.J. DeBoer. Allergen-specific IgG antibodies in cats with allergic skin disease. Research in Veterinary Science 63(3): 239-243.

Franc, M., M.C. Cadiergues, C. Bar-bieri & G. Strehlau. Pharmacokinetics of a new long-acting formulation of lufenuron and dose-activity relationship using experimental infestation by Ctenocephalieds felis. Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics 20(Supplement): 80-81.

Friedrich, M. & D. Tautz. Evolution and phylogeny of the Diptera: A molecular phylogenetic analysis using 28S RDNA sequences. Systematic Biology 46(4): 674-698.

Giannetto, S., A. Virga & A. Iori. New records of Nosopsyllus (Nosopsyllus) barbarus (Jordan & Rothschild, 1912) (Aphaniptera: Dolichopsyllidae) from Sicily. Morphology at scanning electron microscopy of N. (N.) barbarus and N. (N.) fasciatus (Bose D'Antic, 1800). Parassitologia (Roma) 39(1): 29-32.

GONG Z.-d. & FENG X.-g. A new species of Palaeopsylla from Yunnan Province, China (Siphonaptera: Hystrichopsyllidae). Acta Entomologica Sinica 40(1): 79-81.

GONG Z.-d. & FENG X.-g. A new species of Palaeopsylla and a description of the male of Palaeopsylla nushanensis from Mt. Cangshan, Yunnan, China (Siphonatera: Hystrichopsyllidae) Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica 22(2): 209-214.

Grundlach, J.L., A.B. Sadzikowski, M. Murcha, B. Sledzinski & A. Pochodyla. Efficacy and safety of Ektifo [bromophos derivative] produced by Biowet Putawy in the treatment of flea infestations in dogs. Magazyn Weterynaryjny 6(2): 143-144.

Gurfield, N., H.J. Boulouis, B. Ch-omel, R. Heller, W. Kasten, K. Yama-moto & Y Piemont. Epidemiology of Bartonella infection in domestic French cats. EpidŽmiologie et SantŽ Animale 31/32: 04.-03.-1-04.03-3.

Harvey, R.G., E.J. Penaliggon & P. Gautier. Prospective study comparing fipronil with dichlorvos/fenitrothion and menthoprene/pyrethrins in control of flea-bite hypersensitivity in cats. Veterinary Record 141(24): 628-629.

Hinkle, N.C., M.K. Rust & D.A. Reierson. Biorational approaches to flea (Siphonaptera: Pulicidae) suppression: Present and future. Journal of Agricultural Entomology 14(3): 309-321.

HU X.-l., HE J.-h., YANG Z.-m, et al. Observations on the specificity of blood-sucking, life span and body weight in Neopsylla specialis specialis. Endemic Diseases Bulletin 12(1): 25-27.

Kamionkowski, M., E. Kamionkowska & Z. Nag—orski. Efficacy of Sebacil Pouron (Bayer) in the treatment of ear mange in rabbits. Zycie Weterynaryjne 72(11): 440.

King, J.M. Anemia caused by flea infestation in a cat. Veterinary Medicine 92(8): 692.

Kumar, K., S. Jamil-ur-Rahman, S.K. Sharma, K.S. Gill, R. Katyal, R. Kaur, T.G. Thomas & K. Baruda. Entomological and rodent surveillance in plague-suspected areas during September, 1994 and thereafter. Japanese Journal of Medical Science & Biology 50(3): 97-111.

Lebreux, B., L. Maynard & G. Wackowiez. Evaluation of the efficacy of a diazinon and pyriproxyfen collar in the treatment and control of flea infestations in cats. Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics 20 (Supplement): 157-158.

LEI C.-x & DONG X.-q. Study of the natural plague foci in Yunnan Province. Endemic Diseases Bulletin 12(2): 37-49.

LeQuesne, L. Tenopa - a new high performance residual insecticide for the control of public health insect pests. International Pest Control 39(5): 165-167.

LIU J.-y. A new species of Chaetopsylla Kohaut, 1903, from Hubei Province, China (Siphonaptera: Vermipsyllidae) Acta Entomologica Sinica 40(1): 82-85.

Medvedev, S.G. & A. Yu. Polkanov. On the flea fauna of the family Ischnopsyllidae (Siphonaptera) in Central Asia and Kazakhstan. Parazitologiya 31(1): 13-23.

MŽnier, K., T. Lejeune, F. PlŽ & J.C. Beaucournu. Infestation massive de veaux par la puce Ctenocephalides felis (BouchŽ, 1835) (Insecta: Siphonaptera) dans la Jura (France). Revue de MŽdicine VŽterinaire 148(7): 619-620.

Miklisov‡, D. & M. Stanko. Negative binomial distribution as a model for fleas on small rodents. Biol—gia (Bratislava) 52(2): 647-652.

Miller, G.L. Historical Natural History: Insects and the Civil War. American Entomologist 43(4): 227-245.

Opavsky, M.A. Cat scratch disease: The story continues. Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases 8(1): 43-49

PENG H.-b, LIN G.-l, SUN T.-h., et al. Epidemiological investigation of plague in rats in Simo city, Yunnan Province, in 1995. Endemic Diseases Bulletin 12(1): 51-52.

Poulin, R. Species richness of parasite assemblages: Evolution and patterns. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 28: 341-358.

QI Y.-m & HE J.-h. Morphological description of the larva of Frontopsylla spadix spadix and a comparison with the larvae of three species or subspecies of Frontopsylla (Siphonaptera: Leptopsyllidae). Acta Entomologica Sinica 40(4): 388-392.

Rivera, P., E. Lugo, S. Valle, M. L—pez, P. Espinoza, M. Delgado & D. L—pez. Entomological studies during the outbreak of leptospirosis in Achuapa, Le—n, Nicaragua. Revista Nicaragźense de Entomolog’a 40: 7-12.

Rutledge, L.C., R.K. Gupta & Z.A. Mehr. Evolution of repellent tolerences in representative arthropods. Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association 13(4): 329-334.

Song, M.D. An update on flea control. Veterinary Medicine 1997 (Supplement): 27-32.

Suntsov, V.V., Ly Thi Vi Huong, N.I. Suntsova & N.G. Gratz. Plague foci in Viet Nam: zoological and parasitological aspects. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 75(2): 117-123.

Tripet, F. & H. Richner. The coevolutionary potential of a 'generalist' parasite, the hen flea Ceratophyllus gallinae. Parasitology 115(4): 419-427.

Wall, R., S.E. Shaw & J. Penaliggon. The prevalence of flea species on cats and dogs in Ireland. Medical and Veterinary Entomology 11: 404-406.

YE R.-y, ZHANG J.-t., ZHANG Z.-j.& CHEN X.-r. Interspecific hybridization of fleas and its systematic significance. (1) Neopsylla terature [ sic.] x Neopsylla siboi. Acta Parasitologica and Medical Entomology Sinica 4(4): 164-169.

YE R.-y, ZHANG J.-t., ZHANG Z.-j., CHEN X.-r. & YU X. Interspecific hybridization of fleas and its systematic significance. (2) Neopsylla siboi x Neopsylla pleskei orientalis. Acta Parasitologica and Medical Entomology Sinica 4(4): 218-222.

Yeruham, I., S. Rosen & S. Perl. An apparent flea-allergy dermatitis in kids and lambs. Journal of Veterinary Medicine. Series A. 44(7): 391-397.

ZHANG H.-j., MIAO W.-y & ZHANG J.-t. Studies on the toxicity of Trebon to Xenopsylla cheopis. Chinese Journal of Vector Biology and Control 8(3): 198-200.

1998 (List 1)

Beaucournu, J.C., J.M. Reynes & J.C. ViŽ. Fleas in French Guiana (Insecta: Siphonaptera). Journal of Medical Entomology 35(1): 3-10.

Beaucournu, J.C. & K. MŽnier. Le genre Ctenocephalides Stiles et Collins, 1930 (Siphonaptera: Pulicidae). Parasite 5: 3-16.

Beaucournu, J.C. & V.V. Sountsov. Un Ctenophthalmus nouveau de la rŽgion orientale (Siphonaptera: Ctenophthalmidae) Bulletin de la SociŽtŽ Entomologique de France 103(1): 33-35.

Benton, A.H. Hybridization in North American bird fleas of the genus Ceratophyllus (Siphonaptera: Ceratophyllidae). Journal of Medical Entomology 35(4): 433-434.

Bossard, R.L., N.C. Hinkle & M.K. Rust. Review of insecticide resistance in cat fleas (Siphonaptera: Pulicidae). Journal of Medical Entomology 35(4): 415-422.

Bouchard, S. Chaerephon pumilus. Mammalian Species 574: 1-6.

CHIU S.-y., FEI C.-y. & CHANG H.-h. Microscopic views of environmental items with structures: (II) Life cycle of an ectoparasitic flea in artificial culture. Asia Seasonal Report on Environmental Microbiology 6(3): 59-66.

Durden, L.A. & R.G. Robbins. Robert Traub (1916-1996): A bibliography. Journal of Medical Entomology 35(4): 354-361.

Durden, L.A., R.G. Robbins, A.F. Azad, C.E. Hopla, P.T. Johnson & M. Rothschild. Robert Traub (1916-1996. Journal of Medical Entomology 35(4):346-353.

Haas, G.E. & N. Wilson. Polygenis martinezbaezi (Siphonaptera: Rhopalopsyllidae) reared from a rodent nest found in the Peloncillo Mountains of southwestern New Mexico. Journal of Medical Entomology 35(4):431-432.

Hastriter, M.W., H.J. Egoscue & R. Traub. A description of the male of Jordanopsylla allredi Traub & Tipton, 1951, and characterization of tribes with Anomiopsyl-linae (Siphonaptera: Ctenophthalmidae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 100(1): 141-146.

Hastritter, M.W. & R. Guerrero. A review of the bat flea genus Hormopsylla (Siphonaptera: Ischnopsyllidae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 100(2): 247-251.

Hastritter, M.W., P. Tanskul & K.J. Linthicum. Systematic review of the genus Acropsylla Rothschild, 1911 (Siphonaptera: Leptopsyllidae) with notes on certain fleas from Thailand. Journal of Medical Entomology 35(4): 390-395.

Hinkle, N.C., P.G. Koehler & R.S. Patterson. Host grooming efficacy for regulation of cat flea (Siphonaptera: Pulicidae) populations. Journal of Medical Entomology 35(4): 266-269.

Hopla, C.E. & L.A. Durden. In memorium: Robert Traub. Journal of Medical Entomology 35(4): 345.

Kollars, T.M., Jr., L.A. Durden & J.H. Oliver. Fleas and lice parasitizing mammals in Missouri. Journal of Vector Ecology (1997) 22(2): 125-132.

Krasnov, B., G. Shenbrot, I. Khokhlova, S. Medvedev & V. Vatschenok. Habitat dependence of a parasite-host relationship: Flea (Siphonaptera) assemblages in two gerbil species of the Negev Desert. Journal of Medical Entomology 35(4):303-313.

LariviŹre, S. & L.R. Walton. Lutra canadensis. Mammalian Species 587: 1-8.

Lewis, R.E. RŽsumŽ of the Siphonaptera of the world Journal of Medical Entomology 35(4): 377-389.

Lewis, R.E. A new species of Orchopeas Jordan, 1933 from the midwestern United States (Siphonaptera: Ceratophyllidae). Journal of Medical Entomology 35(4): 399-403.

LI K.-c. & R. Traub. Description of Songshupsylla, a new subgenus of Macrostylophora (Siphonaptera: Ceratophyllidae) with a discussion of its species groups. Jou-rnal of Medical Entomology 35(4): 396-398.

Lindsay, L.R. & T.D. Galloway. Reproductive status of four species of fleas (Insecta: Siphonaptera) on Richardson's ground squirrels (Rodentia: Sciuridae) in Manitoba, Canada. Journal of Medical Entomology 35(4): 423-430.

Little, W.E., M.J. Patrick & M.R. Gannon. Ectoparasite associations of bats from central Pennsylvania. Abstract 178. 78th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Mammalogist's. 6-10 June 1998. Virginia Tech. Blacksburg, VA.

Noden, B.H., S. Radulovic, J.A. Higgins & A.F. Azad. Molecular identification of Rickettsia typhi and R. felis in co-infected Ctenocephalides felis (Siphonaptera: Pulicidae). Journal of Medical Entomology 35(4): 410-414.

Pilgrim, R.L.C. Larvae of the genus Notiopsylla (Siphonaptera: Pygiopsyllidae) with a key to their identification. Journal of Medical Entomology 35(4): 362-376.

Rose, R.W. & R.K. Rose. Bettongia gaimardi. Mammalian Species 584: 1-6.

Rothschild, M. Bob Traub: An avid collector and generous collaborator. Journal of Medical Entomology 35(4): 614-615.

Steele, M.A. Tamiasciurus hudsonicus. Mammalian Species 586: 1-9.

Vaughan, J.A., R.E. Thomas, G.M. Silver, N. Wisnewski & A.F. Azad. Quantitation of cat immunoglobulin in the hemolymph of cat fleas (Siphonaptera: Pulicidae) after feeding on blood. Journal of Medical Entomology 35(4): 404-409.

Whiting, M.F. Phylogenetic position of the Strepsiptera: Review of molecular and morphological evidence. International Journal of Insect Morphology and Embryology 27(1): 53-60.

Whiting, M.F. Long-branch distraction and the Strepsiptera. Systematic Biology 47(1): 134-138.

YE R.-y., ZHANG Z.-j., [Mrs.] Rosewan, ZHANG J.-t. & YU X. Interspecific hybridization of fleas and its systematic significance. (3) Neopsylla pleskei orientalis x Neopsylla teratura. Acta Parasitologica and Medical Entomology Sinica 5(1): 49-53.

It should be understood that all Russian and Chinese citations listed here are in Russian or Chinese, although they may have summaries or abstracts in English or some other language. Additional information is available upon request (including e-mail) and recipients are urged to report citations of articles on Siphonaptera, particularly those published in rare sources or those in journals peripheral to the field of Entomology.


Prof. Pedro S. Castillo Carrillo
Universidad Nacional de Tumbes
Apartado Postal 108 Tumbes, PERU

Mr. Paul Cooney
16351 Glenmore
Redford MI 48240

Dr. Vladimir Cerny
Zeleny pruh 41
147 00 Praha 4, Bran’k

Mr. L. R. Fiske
N-5102 Alversund

S. Giannetto
Cattedra di Parassitologia Veterinaria
University di Messina
Messina, ITALY

Prof. D. E. Jacobs
The Royal Veterinary College
North Mymms, Hatfield
Herts AL9 7TA, UK

Dr. Victor J. V. Parks
2233 Argentia Road, Suite 200 East Tower
Mississauga, ONTARIO L5N 2X7

Mr. Dylan W. Self
11871 St. Highway 129
Brilliant, AL 35548

Mr. Mark Spurlock
The Bob Martin Company
Wemberham Lane, Yatton,
Somerset BS49 4BS, UK