Flea NewsVolume 50

Produced by R.E. Lewis, Department of Entomology, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011
FLEA NEWS is a biannual newsletter devoted to matters involving insects belonging to the order Siphonaptera (fleas) and related subjects. It is compiled and distributed free of charge by Robert E. Lewis (relewis@iastate.edu) with the support of the Depart ment of Entomology at Iowa State University, Ames, IA, and a grant in aid from Sandoz Animal Health , based is Des Plaines, IL. It is mainly bibliographic in nature. Many of the sources are abstracting journals and title pages and not all citations have been checked for completeness or accuracy. Additional information will be provided upon written or e-mail request. Further, recipients are urged to contribute items of interest to the profession for inclusion herein.

This newsletter is now available in electronic format. The preferred method of accessing the electronic version is through the World-Wide Web at the following Universal Resource Locator: https://www.ent.iastate.edu/fleanews/aboutfleanews.html or through either Gopher or anonymous FTP: gopher.ent.iastate.edu in the "Publications" directory. Electronic versions are available for No. 46, July, 1993; No. 47, December, 1993; No. 48, July, 1994; No. 49, December, 1994 and this number.

The opinions and assertions contained herein are the private ones of the authors and are not to be construed as official or as reflecting the views of the Department of Entomology, Iowa State University or Sandoz Animal Health.



Shortly after mailing Flea News 49 we were informed by Dr. R. L. C. Pilgrim, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand of the death of Dr. Maria Suciu . He later received an extensive obituary and bibliography from Dr. F. Aioanei, a colleague in Bucharest. Following is a translation of a portion of this obituary and a list of Dr. Suciu's publications that dealt with fleas.

Maria Suciu

Maria Suciu was born in Giurgiu, Romania, on 9 January 1932 and died in Bucharest on 24 September 1994. She received her secondary education in Giurgiu, graduating in 1950. From 1950 to 1954 she attended the University of Bucharest. There she majored i n Biology, graduating with a License en Science Naturelles. Upon graduation she was appointed preparator in the Invertebrate Zoology laboratory at the University. Here she remain ed until retirement in 1989. In 1970 she was awarded the Doctorate of Natural Sciences for her thesis entitled Contributions to the study of the systematics, ecology and zoogeography of the Siphonaptera (Latreille) of Roumania. The study was based on over 3500 specimens representing 65 species and subspecies of fleas. Twenty-nine of these were reported from Romania for the first time, including one new species, Ctenophthalmus fransmiti Suciu, 1969, and one new subspecies, Ctenophthalmus capriciosus carpathicus Suciu, 1969.

Although I (REL) never met her personally, I carried on a sporadic correspondence with her from the mid 1960's until recently and she was a recipient of Flea News from its inception in 1963 until the present. As one of her colleagues described her "...[M aria] was exact and reliable in her profession and research, but modest in her private life, this belle femme was impeccable and impetuous in her deportment, always gay spirited, always full of humor [albeit] sometimes accented with irony [and] never unpleaseant".

Dr. Suciu was author or coauthor of 83 technical works and presentations, 41 of which dealt with ectoparasites. Following is a list of the latter. Works are all in the Romanian language unless cited in some other tongue. Coauthors are included at the end of citations.


Contributiuni la studiul sifonapterelor din R.S.R (Siphonaptera Latreille). Anal. Univ. Buchuresti, Ser. Sti. Nat. Biol. :131-136.


Contributiuni la studiul sifonapterelor din R.S.R (Siphonaptera Latreille). Comun. Zool. 5: 76-94.

Siphonaptere parazite la chiroptere (Chiroptera) din Romania. Stud. Cerc. Biol. 196): 487-492.


Siphonaptere parazite la pasari din Romania. Anal. Univ. Buchuresti, Ser. Sti. Nat. Biol. : 45-48.

Siphonaptere din pesterile din Romania. Stud. Cerc. Ser. Zool. 20(3): 245-254.

Siphonaptères collectées dans les nids de rongeurs (Rodentia). Trav. Mus. Hist. Nat. "Grigore Antipa". 8: 929-938. (with M. Hamar)


Ctenophthalmus fransmiti a new species of fleas from Romania. Acta Parasitologica, Praha 16: 159-163.

Ctenophthalmus capriciosus carpathicus (Siphonaptera) ssp. n. from Romania. Acta Entomologica Bohemoslovaca 66(4): 240-247.

Sifonaptere parazite la mamifere mici (Insectivora, Rodentia) din Romania. Comun. Zool. Soc. Sti. Nat., Conferinta Nationala de Entomologie 20: 291-303. (with M. Hamar)


Contributiuni la studiul sistematic, ecologic si zoogeografic al sifonapterelor din Romania (Siphonaptera Latreille). Rezumat teza doctorat. Centr. Multipl. Univ. Bucuresti. 73 pp.


Date ecologice asupra sifonapterelor parazite pe mamifere mici (Insectivora, Rodentia) din Dobrogea de Nord si Delta Dunarii. Stud. Cerc. Biol. Ser. Zool. 23(2): 173-184.

Quelques considérations sur la zoogéographie des puces (Siphonaptera) de Roumanie. I-ière Multicolloque Européen de Parasitologie, Rennes. 447-449.


Ordinul Siphonaptera. In: Atlasul Complex Portile de Fier, Ed. Acad. R. S. R. 57, 173.

Host-Environment interelations in Siphonaptera. Conf. Nationala de Parazitologie (Romania) 409-411.


Quelques considérationa zoogéographiques sue les puces (Siphonaptera) de Roumanie en fonction de leurs hôtes. Revue Roum. Biol., Sér Zool. 18(2): 111-118.

Ctenophthalmus agyrtes roumanicus ~ n. ssp. (Siphonaptera: Hystrichopsyllidae) from Romania. Revue Roum. Biol., Ser. Zool. 18(3): 181-184.

Ctenophthalmus agyrtes Heller in Romania. Stud. Cerc. Biol., Ser. Zool. 25, 4: 311-321.

Catalogue of Siphonaptera from Romania. Stud. Comun. Muz. Sti. Nat. Bacau 47-72.

Ectoparazitii unor mamifere mici din agrosisteme. Inst. Prot. Plant. (Program CAER)


The relationships of fleas with their hosts. Proceedings of the III International Congress of Parasitology. München 870-872.

Ectoparazitee unor mamifere mici din agrosisteme Magurele-Brasov. Inst. Prot. Plant. (Program CAER) 27 pp.


Ekologiczne i zoogeograficzne aspekty wystepowania pchly Nosopsyllus consimilis Wagner, w Rumanii. Matr. III Symp Akaro-Entomol Med. Vet., Gdansk p. 54.

Siphonaptera. In: Portile de Fier, Monografie, Ser. Fauna R. S. R., Ed. Acad. R. S. R. 295-297.

The collection of fleas in the Natural History Museum of Verona. Boll. Mus. Civ. Sci. Nat. Verona 2: 1-12.

Particulars concerning the Ctenophthalmus occuring in Romania. Stud. Comun. Muz. Sti. Nat. Bacau. 153-160.


Some ecological and zoogeographical aspect of the flea Nosopsyllus consimilis (Wagner). Wiadomosci Parazitologiczne 23(1-2-3): 59-62.

Cunoasterea parazitofaunei unor rozatoare din agrosisteme (ectoparasiti). Inst. Prot. Plant. (Program CAER).

Studies on the fleas of the Retezat Mountains (Roumania). Parasitologica Hungarica 10: 117-124. (with I. Szabo)


Some data about soricid ectoparasites from Romania. Proceedings of the IV International Congress of Parasitology. Warsaw. (with A. Popescu)

The ectoparasites from Microtus arvalis and M. agrestis occuring in Romania. Proceedings of the IV International Congress of Parasitology. Warsaw. (with A. Tuta)

Date privind ectoparazitii sorecidelor (Soricidae: Insectivora) din Romania. Anal.Univ. Bucuresti 27: 105-110. (with A. Popescu)


Ectoparazitii si hemoparazitii unor rozatoare din agrosisteme. Inst. Prot. Plant. (Program CAER).

Relatiile dintre ectoparazitii si comensalii soareceliu rosu de padure ( Clethrionomys glareolus Sch.). Anal Univ. Bucuresti, Biol. 28: 75-79.


Ectoparasitii unor mamifere mici din agrosisteme. Inst. Prot. Plant. (Program CAER).


Aspecte ale distributiei geografice a sifonapterelor (Siphonaptera: Insecta) in Carpatii Sudici. Stud. Cerc. Biol., Ser. Biol. Anim. 33(1): 75-81. (with A Popescu)

On some ectoparasites of Microtus arvalis Pallas and M. agrestis in the agrosystems of the Brasov Depression. Revue Roum. Biol. Anim. 26(2): 177-181. (with A. Tuta)


The parasite-host relationships between fleas (Siphonaptera=Aphaniptera), hematophagous insects and small mammals (Insectivora, Rodentia) in Romania. Anal Univ. Bucuresti. (Complete citation not given.)

The role of small mammals in the different ecosystems in Romania in the maintenance and spread of pathologic agents. Third International Theriological Congress. Helsinki. Sect. VII (résumé , with A. Popescu)


Monopsyllus sciurorum sciuorum Sch., a flea appearing as a parasite in mink ( Mustela vison ) farms. Anal. Univ. Bucuresti. 33: 63-66. (with T. Ghencea & C. Milla)


Puricii (Siphonaptera). In: Insecte vectoare si generatoare de disconfort. Ed. Med. Bucuresti. pp 191-202. (with I. Bilbie & G. Nicolescu)


Taxonomic and zoogeographic data on the genus Rhadinopsylla Jordan & Rothschild (Siphonaptera: Hystrichopsyllidae) in Romania. Trav. Mus. Hist. Nat. "Grigore Antipa" 31: 265-284. (with F. Aioanei)

In Press

Ordinul Siphonaptera. In: Fauna ilustrata a Romaniei, Ed. Stiint. Bucuresti.

Persons wishing reprints of these works should submit a written request to Dr. Suciu's department at the University of Bucurest, in Bucurest, Romania, c/o Dr. Florin Aioanei.



Following are the few notices received since the last issue:

Entoprint is a label printing program that allows its user to print thousands of pin labels with a few keystrokes. It also serializes labels and features other special formatting options. It may be used with laser, inkjet or dot-matrix printers. It requires Syste m 7 and 4 mb RAM. Available in Macintosh version (#EPM-01) for $29.95, Windows version (#EPW-01) for $34.95 and a site license version is available for $125.00. Interested parties should write to: Entomation, 274 2 Beacon Hill, Ann Arbor, MI 48104-6502. (313) 971 6033. (entomation@aol.com)

While on the subject of labels, there has been much traffic on Entomo-L about computer-generated labels for museum specimens, including the best papers, printers and techniques. These discussions have been archived by Steve Lingafelter (lingafel@falcon.cc.ukans.edu) and are available by Gopher or anonymous ftp from gopher.ent.iastate.edu (Iowa State's EntoGopher Server) in the Discussions directory.

A recent United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service research report contained the following:


Repellents are getting another look against cat fleas. Scientist John Klotz and colleagues tested it [?] and other potential repellents against cat fleas. Th e most effective: fencholic acid, which cut back on flea bites by more than 85% for 20 days in lab tests. He's also testing boric acid as an insecticide against cat fleas and against ants, including the carpenter, ghost and pharaoh ants. A key advantage of boric acid: it's effective at very low concentrations of 1% or less. Contact: John Klotz, (904) 374 5989.

An insect growth regulator called pyriproxyfen also shows promise for controlling cat fleas. At concentrations of only.025%, pyriproxyfen reduce d fleas by 80% over seven months after being sprayed on infested carpeting. It's effective at much lower rates than fenoxycarb or methoprene, two insect growth regulators that are currently registered for flea control. Pyriproxyfen is near FDA] approval, pending studies on how long its residues persist. Contact: Richard S. Patterson, (904) 374 5910.

The Honourable Miriam Rothschild has very kindly passed her collection of some 1500 flea reprints to the library of the Royal Entomological Society, London. Copies of particular papers can be sent to interested parties for a charge of 7p./page (RES Fellows and members) or 14p./page (others). (Postage + VAT extra). Contact Mrs. J.M. Ruffle, Librarian, Royal Entomological Society, 41 Queen's Gate, London, SW7 5HR, UK Telephone: 071-584 8361. Fax: 071-581 8505

The Society of Vector Ecology is an international organization of professional entomologists, biologists, and others whose interests include biology, ecology, research, prevention, and management of insects and other arthropods and organism of public health importance. The Society holds an annual conference in the continental United States, regional meetings, and a European Region conference annually for the purpose of sharing information among its membership.

This year's annual conference will be held at the Holiday Inn University Park in Fort Collins, CO, October 8-11, 1995. For additional information, contact Ms. Justine Keller, P.O. Box 87, Santa Ana, CA 92702. Phone: (714) 971 2421, Ext. 148. Fax: (714) 971 3940

WANTED -- A copy of G.P. Holland's The fleas of Canada, Alaska and Greenland (Siphonaptera), [1985]. Will pay fair price plus postage. J. Kucera, 5930 S. Sultan Circle, Murray, UT 84107.

For those of you who received copies of; Adams, N.E. & R.E. Lewis, 1995, An annotated catalogue of primary types of Siphonaptera in the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology. Number 560; following are some notes:

P. 72. Praeopsylla = Praopsylla

Also, although Beaucournu & Rahm, 1975, indicate that the holotype male and allotype female of Dinopsyllus (Dinopsyllus) macrochaetus B. & R., 1975, were deposited in the USNM, these specimens have not been located.

In the March 18th issue of the New Scientist, in a column called Netropolitan that concerns itself with network matters is a mention of the file of popular cartoons by the cartoonist Gary Larson in the Entomology Gopher Server here at Iowa State. After a brief discussion the section ends "The same server has other intriguing contents such as 'Flea News', which may sound like something dreamed up by Larson but is actually a twice-yearly publication about...you guessed it."

The following colleagues have provided reprints and other assistance since the last issue of Flea News: N.E. Adams, J.C. Beaucournu, A. Benton, D. Cyprich, L. Durden, M. Krumpá l, J. Kucera, LI Chengyi, P. Linardi, LIU Jun, LIU Quan, H.E. Ponce-Ulloa, H. Riebero & WU Houyong. Their cooperation is encouraged and is most appreciated.


Recipient List

It has been a number of years since we included a list of recipients in an issue of Flea News. Much has happened in the communications world since then, and this, combined with the update request accompanying the last issue, suggests that a revised mailin g list might now be appropriate. Where available, I am including e-mail addresses for those with access to electronic mail.

Acquisitions, Department of Library & Information Services, The Natural History Museum, Cromwell Road, London SW7 5BD, England. Attn Lizzie Ray <l.ray@nhm. ac.uk>

Adams, Ms. Nancy, Mail Stop 105, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC 20560 <mnhen049@sivm.si.edu>

Aktas, Dr. Metn, Gazi Universitesi Fen Edebiyat Fakultesi, Biyoloji Bolumu 06500 Teknikohullor, Ankara, Turkey

Amin, Dr. Omar, Institute of Parasitic Diseases, P.O.Box 28372, Tempe, AZ 85285-8372

Amrine, Dr. James W., WVU Plant & Soil Sciences, P.O.B 6108, Morgantown,WV 26506-6108

Apsey, Mr. Robert P., 1506 Beaver Creek Drive, Belmont, MI 49306

Azad, Dr. Abdou F., Microbiology & Immunology, University of Maryland, 660 W. Redwood Street, Baltimore, MD 21201

Baird, Dr. Craig R., Parma Research & Extension Center, University of Idaho, Parma, ID 83660

Bartkowska, Dr. Klara, Uniwersytet im. A. Mickiewicza, Zaklad Zoologii Systematycznej, ul. Fredry 10, 61-701 Poznan, Poland

Beaucournu, Dr. J.C., Faculte de Medecine, Laboratoire de Parasitologie, Ave. Prof. L. Bernard, Rennes 35043, France

Benton, Dr. Allen H., 292 Water Street, Fredonia, NY 14063

Brinck-Lindroth, Dr. Gunvor, Systematics - Zoology Department, Helgonavagen 3, S-223 62 Lund, Sweden

British Library, Science Reference & Information, Chancery Lane, London WC2A 1AW, England

Broce, Dr. Alberto B., Department of Entomology, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS 66506-4004 <abroce@oz.oznet.ksu.edu>

van Bronswijk, Prof. Dr. J.E.M.H., Postbus 85500, Kamer H.02.101, 3508 GASUtrecht, The Netherlands

Büttiker, Prof. Dr. W., Lanzenberg 21, CH-4312 Magden, Switzerland

Campbell, Dr. Karen L., Department of Veterinary Clinical Medicine, 1008 W Hazelwood Dr., Urbana, IL 61801 <karen=campbel%sam%cvm@vetmed.cvm.uiuc.edu>

Cerney, Dr. Vladimir, Zeleny pruh 41, 147 00 Praha 4, Braník, Czech Republic

Cheetham, Dr. Thomas B., Physical and Life Sciences, Wilson College, Chambersburg, PA 17207

Chilton, Dr. Glen, Department of Biological Sciences, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta,Canada T2N 1N4 <gchilton@acs.ucalgary.ca>

Clark, Dr. F., Zoology - University of Leicester, University Road, Leicester LE1 7RH, England <flc@leicester.ac.uk>

Collman, Ms. Sharon J., W. S. U. Cooperative Extension Service, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195

Covell, Dr. Charles V. Jr., DEpartment of Biology, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY 40292

Cunningham, Dr. Harry N. Jr., Division of Science, Penn State University - Erie, Erie, PA 16563-0203

Cyprich, Dr. Dusan, Zoology - Comenius University, Mlynska dolina B-1, 842 15 Bratislava, Slovakia

Darskaya, Dr. Natalia Federovna, GAES dom. 57, kv. 6, p/o Bogorodskoe, Sergiev-Posadsky Dist., Moscow 141342, Russia <popov@inemor.msk.su>

Davis, Mr. Liam, California Department of Fish & Game, N.C.C.P., 4949 Viewride Avenue, San Diego, CA 92123

Day, Dr. J. F., Florida Medical Entomology Laboratory, 200 9th Street SE, Vero Beach, FL 32962

Dorow, Dr. Wolfgang, Ohmstrasse 45, D-60486, Frankfurt / M., Germany

Dudich, Dr. Alexander, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Sturova 4, 36053, Zvolen, Slovakia

Dunnet, Prof. G. M., Zoology - University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen AB9 2TN, Scotland

Durden, Dr. Lance, Department of Biology

Georgia Southern University, Statesboro, GA 30460-8056 <ldurden@gsvms12.cc.gasou.edu>

Eads, Dr. Richard B., 731 Broad Albin Street, Albany, OR 97321

Easton, Dr. Emmitt R., CPU - University of Macau, P.O.Box 3001, Macau, via Hong Kong

Egoscue, Mr. Harold J., P.O.Box 787, Grantsville, UT 84029

Eckerlin, Dr. Ralph P., Northern Virginia Community College, 8333 Little River Turnpike, Annandale, VA 22003

Elbel, Dr. Robert E., Department of Biology, The University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112

Fox, Dr. Irving, School of Medicine, P.O.Box 365067, San Juan PR 00936-5067

Galloway, Dr. Terry D., Entomology - University of Manotoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada R3T 2N2 <tdgall@bldgagric.lan1.umanitoba.ca>

George, Mr. Robert S., 54 Richmond Park Avenue, Queen's Park, Bournemouth BH8 9DR, England

Georgi, Dr. Jay R., 132 Starr Stanton Road, Freeville, NY 13068

Gerber, Mr. Brian, 185 West End Avenue, Apt. H., New York, NY 10023 <bgerber@panix.com>

Gomez-Lopez, Dra. M. Soledad, Labratorio de Parasitologia, Fac. Farmacia, Avda. Diagonal sn. 08028, Barcelona, España <msgomez@far.ub.es>

Goncharov, Dr. A. I., Dzerzhinskogo, 231 kv. 50, Stavropohl' 355003, Russia

GONG Zhengda, Dr., Institutee of Epidemiology of Yunnan, Dali 671000, Yunnan, China

Gratz, Dr. Norman G., B.P. 21, 1291 Commungny, Switzerland

Green, Dr. Stanley G., Pennsylvania State Extension, 4601 Market Street, 3rd Floor, Philadelphia, PA 19139-4636

Greenwood, Dr. Michael T., Department of Geography, Loughborough University of Technology, Leicestershire LE11 3TU, England

Griffith, Dr. Thomas, Department of Biology, Illinois Wesleyan University, Bloomington, IL 61702-2900

Grigal, Mr. Mark, 6812 McCormick Woods Drive SW, Port Orchard, WA 98366-7613

Haas, Dr. Glenn, 557 California Street, #7, Boulder City, NV 89005-2796

Hanson, Dr. Steve, SANDOZ Animal Health, 1300 East Touhy, Des Plaines, IL 60018 <hansen@chistc.sandoz.com>

Harman, Mr. A. J. E., 20 Chestnut Close, Hockley, Essex SS5 5EJ, England

Hastritter, Mr. Michael, 1955 East Oregon Avenue, Provo, UT 84606

Hesse, Dr. Gerhard, Bayer AG, BU-AH, Leverkusen, Germany D-51368

Hopla, Dr. Cluff E., Department of Zoology, The University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73019-0235

Horak, Dr. Ivan G., Parasitology, Private Bag X 04, Universiteit van Pretoria, Onderstepoort 0110, South Africa

Howard, Ms. Theresa M., Department of Entomology, The Natural History Museum, London SW7 5BD, England <tmh@nhm.ac.uk>

Hurka, Prof. Dr. Karel, Zoology - Charles University, Vinicna 7 128 44, Praha 2, Czech Republic.

Hyland, Dr. K.E., Department of Zoology - BISC-B-104, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI 02881

Insect Division Library, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1079

Jameson, Dr. E. W., Jr., 43224 Oakside Place, Davis, CA 95616

Johnson, Dr. Phyllis T., 4721 East Harbor Drive, Friday Harbor, WA 98250

Keirans, Dr. James E., Department of Biology, Georgia Southern University, Statesboro, GA 30460-8056 <jkeirans@gsvms2.cc.gasou.edu>

Kern, Dr. William H., 12175 125th Street North, Largo, FL 34644-3695

Kiefer, Dr. Mathias, Westendstrasse 79, 8000 München 2, Germany

Kotti, Dr. Boris Konstantine, Parasitological Laboratory, Antiplague Institute / Caucasus, Sovietskaya 13, Stavrapol', Russia

Kucera, Mr. James R., 5930 S. Sultan Circle, Murray, UT 84107-6930

Larson, Dr. Omer R., Department of Biology, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND 58202-9019

Leake, Dr. Colin, Vector Biology & Epidemiology Unit, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, England

LI Jun, Mr., Epidemic Diseases Control, 2 Shi Xi Road, Huhhot 010031, Inner Mongolia, China

LI Kueichen, Prof., Biology - Guiyang Medical Collegem Guiyang 550004, China

Linardi, Dr. Pedro M., Parasitology - Federal University, CP 2486, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil

LIU Quan, Dr., Microbiology & Epidemiology Institute, 20 Dong Da Street, Beijing 100071, China

Mahnert, Dr. Volker, Museum d'Histoire Naturelle, Case Postale 434, CH-1211 Genève 6, Switzerland

Main, Dr. Andrew, AUC-STAFF, c/o IIE, 809 United Nations Plaza, New York, NY 10017 <andymain@auc-acs.eun.eg>

Mardon, Mr. D. K., Fagus, Manse Road, Killin, Perthshire FK21 8UY, Scotland

Marshall, Dr. Adrian G., Zoology - University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen AB9 2TN, Scotland

Maupin, Dr. Gary, Centers for Disease Control, 1600 Clifton Rd. NE, Mail Stop G-13, Atlana, GA 30333

Medical Entomology Centre, The University of Cambridge, Cambridge Road, Fulbourn, Cambridge CB1 5EL, England.

Medvedev, Dr. Serge Glebovich, Parasitology - Zoological Institute, Russian Academ of Sciences, 199 034 St. Petersburg, Russia <mgs@zisp.spb.su>

Mehl, Mr. Reider, Entomology Laboratory, National Institute of Public Health, N-0462 Oslo, Norway

Meier, Mr. Gerald E., 16092 Deer Park Drive, Montclair, VA 22026 <gemint@aol.com>

Méndez, Dr. Eustorgio, Apartado Postal 87-0317, Zona 7 Panamá, Republica de Panamá

Meola, Dr. Roger W., Department of Entomology, Texas A & M University, College Station, TX 77843-2475

Miller, Dr. Donald H., Department of Science, Lyndon State College, Lyndonville, VT 05851 <millerd@queen.lsc.vsc.edu>

Miller, Dr. Norman, 6121 S. Cr. 200 W, Muncie, IN 47302

Mullen, Ms. Patricia, Librarian, College of Veterinary Medicine, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK 74078

Nash, Dr. David R., Wohlenstrasse 50a, CH-3032 Hinterkappelen, Switzerland

Nielsen, Mr. B. Overgaard, Department of Zoology, Universitetsparken, Bygning 135, DK 8000 Arhus C, Denmak

Noxon, Dr. James, 1726 Veterinary Medicine, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011

O'Connor, Dr. Barry, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1079 <bmoc@umich.edu>

Olsen, Ms. Alice, Danish Pest Infestation Laboratory, Skovbrynet 14, DK-2800 Lyngby, Denmark

Osacar, Mr. Juan Jose, Unidad de Parasitologia, Faculdad de Veterinaria, 177 50013 Zaragosa, España

Osbrink, Dr. Weste, Johnson Wax, 1525 Howe Street, Racine, WI 53403

Painter, Mr. Harry F., 8324 The Midway, Annandale, VA 22003

Pehling, Mr. David, 600 128th Street SE, Everett, WA 98208 >pehling@coopext.cahe.wsu.edu>

Perdue, Dr. Judy C., 1510 Buttermilk Road, Cave Spring, GA 30124 <perdue@jason.fc.peachnet.edu>

Pfitzer, Mr. Donald W., 6732 Chaparral Drive, Lithonia, GA 30038

Pilgrim, Prof. R.L.C., Zoology - University of Canterbury, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch, New Zealand <rpilgrim@zool.canterbury.ac.nz>

Pomorski, Dr. Zbigniew, Ul. Glemboka 30, 20-934 Lublin, Poland <pomorski@hortus. ar.lublin.pl>

Ponce-Ulloa, Mr. Hugo E., Bayer de México, S. A. de C. V., Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra, 259 Mexico, D. F., CP11520, México

Pratt, Dr. Harry D., 879 Glen Arden Way NE, Atlanta, GA 30306

Pullen, Mrs. Susan R., Department of Entomology, Texas A & M University, College Station, TX 77843-2475

QI Yiming, Dr., Biology - Guiyang Medical College, Guiyang, China

Quarles, Mr. William, 1307 Acton Street, Berkeley, CA 94706

Radovsky, Dr. Frank J., Department of Entomology, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331-2907

Ribeiro, Prof. Henrique, Higiene e Medicina Tropical, Universidad Nova de Lisboa, 1300 Lisboa, Portugal

Robertson, Mr. Lowell, Sonic Technology, 120 Richardson Street, Grass Valley, CA 95945

Robinson, Dr. Henry W., P.O.Box 1354 SAU, Southern Arkansas University, Magnolia, AR 71753-5000

Robinson, Dr. William H., Entomology - 215 Price Hall, VPI & SU, Blacksburg, VA 24061-0319

Romasheva, Dr. Tatiana Pompeii, Sverdlova Street 1-12, Irkutsk 664000, Russia

Rosychuk, Dr. Rod A. W., Department of Clinical Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523

Rothschild, The Honourable Miriam, Ashton Wold, Peterborough PE8 5LZ, England

Ruffle, Mrs. J. M., Librarian, Royal Entomological Society, 41 Queen's Gate, London SW7 5HR, England

Ryba, Dr. J., Institut Hygieny e Epidemiologie, Srobárova 48, 100 42 Praha, Czech Republic

Rybin, Dr. Stanislov Nicolai, Kurmandjean datka Str. 264/38, 714000-CIS Osh, Kyrghystan, Central Asia

Santana, Dr. Fred, Sarasota County Mosquito Control, 5531 Pinkney Avenue, Sarasota, FL 34233

Sapegina, Dr. Valentina F., Russian Academy of Sciences, 11 Frunse Street, Novosibirsk 91, 630091, Russia

Schramm, Dr. Beth A., 2664 Walnut Avenue, #3, Buena Vista, VA 24416

Schwann, Dr. Thomas G., Rocky Mountain Laboratory, Hamilton, MT 59840

Segerman, Mrs. Joyce, SAIMR, P.O.Box 1035, Johannesburg 2000, South Africa

Senger, Dr. Clyde M., 1103 Yew Street, Bellingham, WA 98226-8870

SIPHONAPTERA - Entomology, Smithsonian Institution, Museum Support Center, Washington, DC 20560

Sleemam, Dr. Paddy, Zoology Department, University College, Cork, Ireland

Stanko, Ms. Cara, 400 University Terrace, Lincoln, NB 68508 <cstanko@herbie.unl.edu>

Stansfield, Mr. David G., Ciba-Geigy Animal Health, P.O.Box 18300, Greesboro, NC 27419-8300

Smit, Mr. F.G.A.M., 4 Glamis Gardens, Longthorpe, Peterborough PE3 9PQ, England

Smith, Dr. Stephen A., Department of Pathology, VMR College of Veterinary Medicine, VA Tech, Blacksburg, VA 24061-0442

Stanko, Dr. Michael, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Lofflerova 10, 040 01 Kosice, Czech Republic

Swift, Dr. Sabina F., Entomology - Bishop Museum, P.O.Box 1900-A, Honolulu, HI 96817

Stark, Dr. Harold E., 1205 North 400 West, Trenton, UT 84338

Szabo, Mr. Istvan, Fazekas-utca 4.1.3, H-1015 Budapest, Hungary

Thomas, Dr. Rex E., Paravax Inc., 1825 Sharp Point Drive, Fort Collins, CO 80525

Tabor, Mr. Stephen, Bioenvironmental Associates, 4209 Lantados Street, Bakersfield, CA 93307

Timm, Dr. Robert M., Museum of Natural History, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS 66045-2454

Traub, Dr. Robert, 5702 Bradley Boulevard, Bethesda, MD 20814

Uchikawa, Dr. Kimito, Parasitology - Shinshu University, School of Medicine, Matsumoto 390, Japan

Vashchonok, Dr. Valentin S., Parasitology - Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, 199 034 St. Petersburg, Russia

WANG Dunqing, Prof., Parasitology, Fulian Medical College, Fuzhou 350004, China

Webb, Dr. James P., Orange County Vector Control, 13001 Garden Grove Boulevard, Garden Grove, CA 92643

Whitaker, Dr. John O., Jr., Life Sciences - Indiana State University, Terre Haute, IN 47809

White, Dr. G. B., 105 Breamwater Gardens, Ham, Richmond, Surry TW10 7SG, England

Wilson, Ms. Barbara A., Vector Biology & Control Branch, 2151 Berkeley Way, Berkeley, CA 94704

Wilson, Dr. Nixon, Department of Biology, University of Northern Iowa, Cedar Falls, IA 50614-0421

WU Houyong, Vector Biology & Control, 23 Qi Li Zhuang Road, Beijing, 100071, China

XIE Baoqi, Research Institute of Epidemic Diseases, Wen Hua Road 33, Dali, Yunnan, China

YE Ruiyu, Dr., Xinjiang Institute of Endemic Disease Control & Research, 4 First Jianquan Street, Urumqi 830002, China

YU Xin, Dr., Institute for Endemic Diseases, Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region, China

Yunker, Dr. Conrad, Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, Private Bag X5, Onderstepoort 0110, R.S.A. <conrad@moon.ovi.ac.za>

Zimmermann, Mr. Manfred, Baltzerstrasse 3, CH-3012 Bern, Switzerland



Although it may not be obvious from the titles, citations included here pertain to fleas and the zoonoses associated with them. Additional information is available upon request.

1988 (List 13)

Singh, B.B., M. Welu, L. Kazadi & E. Yanga. Epidemiology of porcine and human tungiasis in Matadi (Ziäre) and its economic and hygenic importance. Premierés Journées Vé terinaires Africanes, 31 May - 2 June 1987. Hammamet, Tunisia. pp. 201-213.

1991 (List 9)

Byron, D.W. & W.H. Robinson. Distribution of cat flea larvae in a household environment. Japanese Journal of Environmental Zoology 3(2): 70-74.

World Health Organization. Human plague in 1990. Weekly Epidemiological Record (1991) 66(44): 321, 324

1992 (List 7)

Meola, R.W. Tests with Empire 20 of outdoor control of larval and adult cat fleas. Down to Earth 47(2): 1-4.

1993 (List 5)

Cox, F.G.E. (Ed.) Modern Parasitology: A textbook of parasitology. Blackwell Scientific Publications Ltd. Oxford, UK. xii-276 pp. 19.95Pound (soft cover)

Cyprich, D. & M. Krumpál. The first record of Typhloceras poppei Wagner, 1903 (Insecta: Siphonaptera) from Slovakia. Entomological Problems (1993): 69-71.

Cyprich, D. & M. Krumpál. O metodike vyskumu sifonapterofauny vtákov. (On the methods of investigation of the siphonapterofauna in birds.) Správy Slovenskej Zoologickej Spolocnosti 15: 5-13.

Dudich, A. Blechy (Siphonaptera) drobnych zemnych cocavcov zvolenskej kotliny a doplnky k siphonapterofaune Javoria. XXIX. TOP, Odbor. Vysledky, Král'ova'Pri Zvolene 17-24.VII.1993: 107-134.

Foster, A.P. & H. O'Dair. Allergy testing for skin disease in the cat in vivo vs. in vitro tests. Veterinary Dermatology 4(3): 111-115.

Founta, A., J.B. Kethley & M.J. Kaliszewski. Metazoan parasitic fauna of Mus musculus in the city of Thessaloniki, Greece. Bulletin of the Helenic Veterinary Medical Society 45(1): 55-58. (in Greek)

Hedges, S. 20 questions about fleas. Pest Control Technology 21(7): 38....44.

Hinderer, C. Quizzing a client can ace a biting cat flea problem. Pest Control 61(5): 36-38.

Jones, D. Fleas are no laughing matter. Pest Control Technology 21(7): 26....35.

Khalid, M.L.M., T.A. Morsy, S.F.A. El-Shennawy, A.M.M. Farrag, A.H.A. Sabry & H.A.A. Mostafa. Studies on the flea fauna in El Fayoum Govenorate, Egypt. Journal of the Egyptian Society of Parasitology 22(3): 783-799.

Krumpál, M., A. Babjakova & D. Cyprich. Occurrence and seasonal dynamics of invertebrates in nests of the sand martin, Riparia riparia (L., 1758) in Slovakia. Acta Zoologica Universitatis Comenianae 37: 69-84.

Ponce-Ulloa, H.E. & J.E. Llorente-Bousquets. Distribución de Siphonaptera (Arthropoda, Insecta) en la Sierra de Atoyac de Álvarez, Guerrero, México. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Mé xico, Publicaciones Especiales No. 11. 77 pp.

Smith, K.J., H.G. Skelton, P. Vogel, J. Yeager, D. Baxter & K.F. Wagner. Exaggerated insect bite reactions in patients positive for HIV. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology 29(2): 269-272.

1994 (List 3)

Allen, J.R. Host resistance to ectoparasites. Revue Scientifique et Technique de l'Office International des Epizooties 13(4): 1287-1304.

Beaucournu, J.C. & I.G. Horak. Phacopsylla gen. nov. for Echidnophaga inexpectata Smit, 1950 (Siphonaptera: Pulicidae). Journal of African Zoology 108: 133-141.

Beaucournu, J.C. & D. Kock. Le genre Lagaropsylla Jordan & Rothschild, 1921 (Siphonaptera: Ischnopsyllidae). Annales de la Société Entomologique de France (N. S.) 30(2): 193-207.

Blagburn, B.L., J.L Vaughan, D.S. Lindsay & G.L. Tebbitt. Efficacy dosage titration of Lufenuron against developmental stages of fleas ( Ctenocephalides felis felis ) in cats. American Journal of Veterinary Research 55(1): 98-101.

Bram, R.A. Integrated control of ectoparasites. Revue Scientifique et Technique de l'Office International des Epizooties 13(4): 1357.

Carlotti, D.N. C. Assaya, E. Bourgeoisat & F. Ascher. Treatment of flea bite allergy dermatitis in the dog and prevention of recurrence: effectiveness of a permethrin formulation. Pratique Mé dicale & Chirurgicale de l'Animal de Compagnie 29(3): 303-310.

Colyn, M., J.C. Beaucournu & J. Karalema. Distribution et spécificité de Ctenocephalides chabaudi Beaucournu et Bain, 1982 (Siphonaptera: Pulicidae) en Afrique tropicale. Bulletin de la Soci été Française de Parasitologie 12(1): 69-74.

Cuisance, D., N. Barre & R. de Deken. Ectoparasites of animals: ecological, biological, genetic and mechanical control methods. Revue Scientifique et Technique de l'Office International des Epizooties 13(4): 1305-1356.

Cyprich, D., M. Krumpál & A Babjakova. Distribution and seasonal dynamics of Ceratophyllus styx styx (Rothschild, 1900) (Siphonaptera) in Slovakia. Biologia, Bratislava 49(5): 755-760.

Cyprich, D., M. Krumpál, T. Kutsenko & A Poslavskiy. Fauna of birds' nests (Aves) in the Kemerovo Region (Russia) with stress on fleas (Siphonaptera). Acta Zoologica Universitatis Comenianae 38: 15-25.

Doby, J.M., G. Bigaignon, B. Degeilh & C. Guiguen. Ectoparasites of large wild mammals (deer and wild boars) and Lyme Borreliosis - search for Borellia burgdorferi in more than 1400 ticks, lice, pupipares and fleas. Revue de Médecine Vétérinare 145(10): 743-748.

Dudich, A. The quantitative structure and dynamics of the population of haematophagous ectoparasites of small mammals in the Danube floodplain forest. Acta Facultatis Ecologiae Zvolen - Slovakia 1: 76-98.

Dudich, A. K histórii zoologického vyskumu tekova. (The history of zoological research in the Tekov Region.) Acta Musei Tekovensis Livice (Zborník Tekovske'no Múzea v Leviciach) II: 153-163.

Dudich, A. A synecological study of the small mammals of the spruce forests in the Stredne Beskydy Mts. (West Carpathians). Vydala Technická Univerzita vo Zvolene v Edicnom Stredisku 8/1994: 1-47.

Dudich, A. Prehl'ad vyskumu drobnych cicavcov (Insectivora, Chiroptera, Rodentia) a ich ektoparazitov (Acarina, Anoplura, Siphonaptera) Turca. Zbornik TURIEC 1992: 199-215.

Durden, L.A. & G.G. Musser. The mammalian hosts of sucking lice (Anoplura) of the world: a host-parasite list. Bulletin of the Society for Vector Ecology 19(2): 130-168.

Eeva, T., E. Lehikoinen & J. Nurmi. Effects of ectoparasites on breeding success of great tits ( Parus major ) and pied flycatchers ( Ficedula hypoleuca ) in an air pollution gradient. Canadian Journal of Zoology 72(4): 624-635.

Franc, M. Fleas and control methods. Revue Scientifique et Technique de l'Office International des Epizooties 13(4): 1019-1038.

GAO Tianyu, LIU Quan & WU Houyong. A new species of the genus Frontopsylla (Siphonaptera: Leptopsyllidae) Researches on Fleas 93-95. ( Frontopsylla liui Gao, Liu & Wu)

GAO Tianyu, LIU Quan & WU Houyong. A new species of the genus Paradoxopsyllus (Siphonaptera: Leptopsyllidae) Researches on Fleas 96-98. ( Paradoxopsyllus wangi Guo, Liu & Wu)

GAO Tianyu, LIU Quan & WU Houyong. Description of a new species of Paradoxopsyllus (Siphonaptera: Leptopsyllidae). Researches on Fleas 99-101. ( Paradoxopsyllus liae Guo, Liu & Wu)

GUO Tianyu, WU Houyong & Liu Quan. A flea survey of southwestern Sichuan Province. Researches on Fleas 110-117.

GUO Tianyu, WU Houyong & Liu Zhiying, On the flea fauna of southwestern Sichuan Province. Researches on Fleas 1-11.

Hopla, C.E., L.A. Durden & J.E. Keirans. Ectoparasites and classification. Revue Scientifique et Technique de l'Office International des Epizooties 13(4): 985-1018.

Hunter, J.E., R.J. Gutierrez, A.B. Franklin & D. Olson. Ectoparasites of the spotted owl. Journal of Raptor Research 28(4): 232-235.

Klotz, J.H., J.I. Moss, R.C. Zhao, L.R. Davis & R.S. Patterson. Oral toxisity of boric acid and other boron compounds to immature cat fleas (Siphonaptera: Pulicidae) Journal of Economic Entomology 87(6): 1534-1536.

Krumpál, M. & D. Cyprich. Fleas in birds' nests in the State Nature Reserve Sur near Bratislava. Acta Facultatis Rerum Naturalium Universitatis Comenianae Formatio et Protectio Naturae XVI: 57-72.

LI Chengyi & WU Houyong. Studies on the population dynamics of Xenopsylla cheopis under laboratory conditions. Researches on Fleas 26-33.

LI Chengyi, WU Hongyu, FEI Rongzhong & WANG Zhigang. Studies on overwintering of the flea Citellophilus tesquorum sungaris. Researches on Fleas 12-25.

LI Kueichen & LIU Lianzhu. A new species of Hystrichopsylla (Siphonaptera: Hystrichopsyllidae) from Heishui, Sichuan. Entotaxonomia 16(4): 269-271. ( Hystrichopsylla heichuiensis Li & Liu)

LIU Quan, GO Tianyu & GE Long. Discovery of the male of Frontopsylla xizangensis and supplemental description of the female (Siphonaptera: Leptopsyllidae). Researches on Fleas 106-109.

LIU Quan, WU Houyong & FEI Rong-zhong. Studies on the classification and faunal distribution of Citellophilus tesquorum mongolicus and C. t. sungaris in China. Researches on Fleas 34-45.

LIU Quan, WU Houyong & LI Xiao-lan. Description of a new species of the genus Amphipsylla in China (Siphonaptera: Leptopsyllidae). Researches on Fleas 88-92. Amphipsylla polyspina Liu, Wu & Li)

LIU Quan, ZHAO Yuming & WU Houyong. A record of Amphipsylla casis from Shanxi Province and its supplemental description (Siphonaptera: Leptopsyllidae) Researches on Fleas 102-105.

Makundi R.H. &B.S. Kilonzo. Seasonal dynamics of rodent fleas and its implication on control strategies in Lushoto District, northeastern Tanzania. Zeitschrifte für Angewandte Entomologie 118(2): 165-172.

LI Chengyi & WU Houyong. Studies on the overwintering physiology of the flea Citellophilus tesquorum sungaris. Acta Parasitology & Medical Entomology Sinica 1(1): 51-56.

LIU Jun. The flea fauna of Inner Mongolia, China. Research on Endemic Diseases of Inner Mongolia 19(2): 90-98.

Powers, N.R., Z.A. Mehr, C.A. Cala-maio, E. Torring, R. Longfield, P.V. Fornier & J.A. Rawlings. Prevalence of Borellia burgdorferi in feral cats, Felis domesticus, and their ectoparasites in Fort Sam Houston, Texas. Bulletin of the Society for Vector Ecology 19(2): 125-129.

Richardson, D.J., L.A. Durden & D.E. Snyder. Ectoparasites of the raccoon ( Procyon lotor ) from north-central Arkansas. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 67(2): 208-212.

Stopler, R. & J.P. Opdebeeck. Flea allergy dermatitis in dogs diagnosed by intradermal skin tests. Research in Veterinary Science 57(1): 21-27.

Ververeli, K.O., L.G. Rabinowitz, S. Knapp, S.J. McGeady & J.E. Wolf. Hyperkeratotic papular rash in a patient with chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis. Annales of Allergy 72(3): 198-202.

WANG Shanqung, WU Houyong, CHEN Liyin, ZHOU Fang, LIAO Jie, SHENG Shishu & JIN Renci. Comparisons between subspecies of Citellophilus tesquorum on some of their physiological and biochemical indexes. Researches on Fleas 46-71.

WANG Shanqing, WU Houyong, LI Bingtai, FAN Jian & SUN Bentao. Comparative studies on the fine structures of adults between four subspecies of Citellophilus tesquorum. Researches on Fleas 72-83.

Whitaker, J.O., Jr., G.D. Hartman & R. Hein. Food and ectoparasites of the southern short-tailed shrew, Blarina carolinensis (Mammalia: Soricidae) from South Carolina. Brimleyana 21: 97-106.

WU Houyong & LIU Quan (Eds.) . Researches on Fleas. China Science & Technology Press. Beijing. 120 pp.

WU Houyong & LIU Quan. Siphonaptera bibliography of Prof. LIU Zhi-ying. Reasearches on Fleas 118-120.

WU Houyong, ZHAO Qifi & LI Zhenhai. A new species of Wagnerina Ioff et Argyropulo, 1934 (Siphonaptera: Hystrichopsyllidae) Researches on Fleas 84-87. ( Wagnerina changi Wu, Zhao & Li)

Yuval, B. The vertebrate host as mating encounter site for its ectoparasites: ecological and evolutionary considerations. Bulletin of the Society for Vector Ecology 19(2): 115-120.

1995 (List 1)

Adams, N.E. & R.E. Lewis. An annotated catalogue of primary types of Siphonaptera in the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 560: 1-86.

Bear, A. An improved method for collecting bird ectoparasites. Journal of Field Ornithology 66(2): 212-214.

Blagburn, B.L., C.M. Hendrix, J.L. Vaughan, D.S. Lindsay & S.H. Barnett. Efficacy of Lufenuron against developmental stages of fleas ( Ctenocephalides felis felis ) in dogs housed in simulated home environments. American Journal of Veterinary Research 56(4): 464-467.

Chesney, C.J. Species of flea found on cats and dogs in south west England: Further evidence of their polyxenous state and implications for flea control. Veterinary Record 136(14): 356-358.

Gregory, L.M., M. Zakson, R.G. Endris & W.L. Shoop. A further comparison of the thumb-counting and comb-counting techniques used to determine Ctenocephalides felis infestation levels on dogs. Veterinary Parasitology 56: 349-352.

Higgens, J.A. & A.F. Azad. Use of polymerase chain reaction to detect bacteria in arthropods: A review. Journal of Medical Entomology 32(3): 231-232.

Hinkle, N.C., R.W. Wadleigh, P.G. Koehler & R.S. Patterson. Mechanism of insecticide resistance in a strain of cat fleas (Siphonaptera: Pulicidae). Journal of Entomological Science 30(1): 43-48.

Kucera, J.R. Additional records of fleas (Siphonaptera) from Utah. Great Basin Naturalist 55(1): 92-94

Kusilka, L.J.M., D.M. Kambarage, R.W. Matthewmen, C.J. Daborn & L.J.S. Harrison. Prevalence of ectoparasites of goats in Tanzania. Journal of Applied Animal Research 7(1): 69-74.

Lee, P.L.M. & D.H. Clayton. Population biology of swift ( Apus apus ) ectoparasites in relation to host reproductive success. Ecological Entomology 20(1): 43-50.

LI Kueichen. A new species of the genus Syngenopsyllus Traub, from Mt. Emei, Sichuan (Siphonaptera: Ceratophyllidae) Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica 20(1): 102-106. ( Syngenopsyllus lui Li)

Merila, J. & K. Allander. Do great tits ( Parus major ) prefer ectoparasite-free roost sites? An experiment. Ethology 99(1): 53-60.

Patrick, M.J. & R.L. Harrison. Fleas on gray foxes in New Mexico. Journal of Medical Entomology 32(2): 201-204.

Pavlovic, I., D. Vojinovic & Z. Kulisic. First occurence of the flea Ctenocephalides felis felis (Bouché, 1835) in chickens kept under intensive breeding conditions in Serbia. Acta Veterinaria, Beograd 45(1): 49-52.

Smith, C.A. Current Concepts - Searching for safe methods of flea control. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 206(8): 1137-1144.

WANG Shanqing, WU Houyong, SHENG Shishu, JIN Renci & QIANG Yaping. Studies on subspecies taxonomy of Citellophilus tesquorum by elemental microanalysis techniques. Entomotaxonomia 16(3): 229-232.

" Ceratopogon is the midge which causes much annoyance in Scotland, where its presence in conjunction with that of the kilt is said to have given rise to the Highland Fling."

From: Sedgwick, Adam, 1909. A Students Textbook of Zoology.

Volume III. The Insecta and Arachnida. By A. E. Shipley. George Allen & Unwin Ltd., London. p. 744. (Contributed by R. Pilgrim)