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Pesticide Toxicology Laboratory

ISU Entomology / Pesticide Toxicology Laboratory / Interaction between Bacillus thuringiensis Berliner and the parasites and predators of Spodoptera littoralis in Egypt

Interaction between Bacillus thuringiensis Berliner and the parasites and predators of Spodoptera littoralis in Egypt

Authors: Salama, H.S., Zaki, F.N.
Journal, Volume, Year: Zeitschrift fur Angewandte Entomologie, volume 95:425-429, 1983
Summary

Study of a parasite (Zele chlorophthalma) and a predator (Paederus alferii) reared on Bt-fed Spodoptera littoralis. The parasite showed significantly reduced emergence, reproductive potential, and development. There were no adverse effects observed on the predator.

Comments

Adverse effects on parasite likely due to reduced fitness of Spodoptera littoralis, as seen in other studies.