Field assessment of Bacillus thuringiensis on nontarget Lepidoptera
Authors: Wagner, D.L., Peacock, J.W., Carter, J.L., Talley, S.E.
Journal, Volume, Year: Environmental Entomology, volume 25(6):1444-1454, 1996
Nontarget effects of a single aerial application of Bt kurstaki (Foray 48B) on native Lepidoptera were determined. Little impact on total caterpillar abundances were observed.
This study did not use transgenic Bt.