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Pesticide Toxicology Laboratory

ISU Entomology / Pesticide Toxicology Laboratory

Environmental fate and effects of Bt protein: Literature review

Yearsort icon Author Title Keywords
2004 Carter, M.E.; Villani, M.G.; Allee, L.L.; Losey, J.E. Absence of non-target effects on two Bacillus thuringiensis coleopteran active delta-endotoxins on the bulb mite, Rhizoglypus robini (Claparede) (Acare, Acaridae) Cry3Aa, Cry3Bb1, nontarget, transgenic
2004 Pagel-Weider, S.; Gessler, F.; Niemeyer, J.; Schroder, D. Asorption of the Bacillus thuringiensis toxin (Cry1Ab) on Na-montomorillonite and on the clay fractions of different soils Cry1Ab
2004 Pagel-Weider, S.; Gessler, F.; Niemeyer, J.; Schroder, D. Asorption of the Bacillus thuringiensis toxin (Cry1Ab) on Na-montomorillonite and on the clay fractions of different soils Cry1Ab
2004 Brake, D.G.; Thaler, R.; Evenson, D.P. Evaluation of Bt (Bacillus thuringiensis) corn on mouse testicular development by dual parameter flow cytometry mammalian, nontarget, transgenic
2004 Romeis, J.; Dutton, A.; Bigler, F. Bacillus thuringiensis toxin (Cry1Ab) has no direct effect on larvae of the green lacewing Chryoperla carnea (Stephens) (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae) nontarget
2004 Romeis, J.; Dutton, A.; Bigler, F. Bacillus thuringiensis toxin (Cry1Ab) has no direct effect on larvae of the green lacewing Chryoperla carnea (Stephens) (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae) nontarget
2003 Wolt, J.D., Peterson, R.K.D., Bystrak, P., Meade, T. A screening level approach for nontarget insect risk assessment: Transgenic Bt corn pollen and the monarch butterfly (Lepidoptera: Danaidae) Lepidopteran
2003 Schuler, T.H.; Potting, R.P.J.; Denholm, I.; Clark, S.J.;Clark, A.J.;Stewart, C.N.; Poppy, G.M. Tritrophic choice experiments with Bt plants, the diamondback moth (Plutella xylostella) and the parasitoid Cotesia plutellae. non-target, transgenic, trophic
2003 Schuler, T.H.; Potting, R.P.J.; Denholm, I.; Clark, S.J.;Clark, A.J.;Stewart, C.N.; Poppy, G.M. Tritrophic choice experiments with Bt plants, the diamondback moth (Plutella xylostella) and the parasitoid Cotesia plutellae. non-target, transgenic, trophic
2003 Musser, F.R.; Shelton, A.M. Bt sweet corn and selective insecticides: Impacts on pests and predators corn, nontarget, transgenic
2003 Musser, F.R.; Shelton, A.M. Bt sweet corn and selective insecticides: Impacts on pests and predators corn, nontarget, transgenic
2003 Zwahlen, C.; Hilbeck, A.; Gugerli, P.; Nentwig, W. Degradation of the Cry1Ab protein within transgenic Bacillus thuringiensis corn tissue in the field ELISA, field, persistence, transgenic
2003 Zwahlen, C.; Hilbeck, A.; Gugerli, P.; Nentwig, W. Degradation of the Cry1Ab protein within transgenic Bacillus thuringiensis corn tissue in the field ELISA, field, persistence, transgenic
2002 Herman, R.A., Scherer, P.N., Wolt, J.D. Rapid degradation of a binary, PS149B1, delta-endotoxin of Bacillus thuringiensis in soil, and a novel mathematical model for fitting curve-linear decay bioassay
2002 Binning, R.R., Rice, M.E. Effects of transgenic Bt corn on growth and development of the stalk borer Papaipema nebris (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) Cry1Ab, Cry9C
2002 Folmer, D.J., Grant, J.R., Milton, T.C., Beck, J. Utilization of Bt corn residues by grazing steers and Bt corn silage and grain by growing beef cattle and lactating dairy cows cattle
2002 Herman, R.A.., Scherer, P.N., Young, D.L., Mihaliak, C.A., Meade, T., Woodsworth, A.T., Stockhoff, B.A., Narva, K.E. Binary insecticidal crystal protein from Bacillus thuringiensis, strain PS149B1: effects of individual protein components and mixtures in laboratory bioassays Cry34Ab, Cry35Ab
2002 Herman, R.A.., Scherer, P.N., Young, D.L., Mihaliak, C.A., Meade, T., Woodsworth, A.T., Stockhoff, B.A., Narva, K.E. Binary insecticidal crystal protein from Bacillus thuringiensis, strain PS149B1: effects of individual protein components and mixtures in laboratory bioassays Cry34Ab, Cry35Ab
2002 Lundgren, G.J., Wiedenmann, N.R. Coleopteran-specific Cry3Bb toxin from transgenic corn pollen does not affect the fitness of a nontarget species, Coleomegilla maculata DeGeer (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) Cry3Bb
2002 Lundgren, G.J., Wiedenmann, N.R. Coleopteran-specific Cry3Bb toxin from transgenic corn pollen does not affect the fitness of a nontarget species, Coleomegilla maculata DeGeer (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) Cry3Bb
2002 Felke, M., Lorenze, N., Langenbruch, G.-A. Laboratory studies on the effects of pollen from Bt-maize on larvae of some butterfly species Lepidoptera
2002 Saxena, D., Flores, S., Stotzky, G. Vertical movement in soil of insecticidal Cry 1Ab protein from Bacillus thuringiensis soil
2002 Coviella, C.E., Stipanovic, R.D., Trumble, J.T. Plant allocation to defensive compounds: interactions between elevated CO2 and nitrogen in transgenic cotton plants CO2
2002 Ponsard, S., Gutierrez, A.P., Mills, N.J. Effect of Bt-toxin (Cry1Ac) in transgenic cotton on the adult longevity of four Heteropteran predators Lepidopteran, Predators
2002 Head, G., Surber, J.B., Watson, J.A., Martin, J.W., Duan, J.J. No detection of Cry1Ac protein in soil after multiple years of transgenic Bt cotton (Bollgard) Use soil
2002 Saxena, D., Flores, S., Stotzky, G. Bt Toxin is released in root exudates from 12 transgenic corn hybrids representing three transformation events Cry1Ab
2002 Saxena, D., Stotzky, G. Bt toxin is not taken up from soil or hydroponic culture by corn, carrot, radish, or turnip soil
2002 Kaplan, J.K. Bt corn not a thread to monarch Commentary
2002 Shelton, A.M., Zhao, J.-Z., Roush, R.T. Economic, ecological, food safety, and social consequences of the deployment of Bt transgenic plants review
2002 Dutton, A., Klein, H., Romeis, J., Bigler, F. Uptake of Bt-toxin in herbivores feeding on transgenic maize and consequences for the predator Chrysoperla carnea Cry1Ab
2002 Dutton, A., Klein, H., Romeis, J., Bigler, F. Uptake of Bt-toxin in herbivores feeding on transgenic maize and consequences for the predator Chrysoperla carnea Cry1Ab
2002 Herman, R.A., Wolt, J.D., Halliday, W.R. Rapid degradation of the Cry1F insecticidal crystal protein in soil Cry1F
2002 Duan, J.J., Head, G., McKee, M.J., Nickson, T.E., Martin, J.W., Sayegh, F.S. Evaluation of dietary effects of transgenic corn pollen expressing Cry 3Bb1 protein on a non-target ladybird beetle, Coleomegilla maculata Cry3Bb1
2002 Bernal, C.C.; Aguda, R.M.; Cohen, M.B. Effect of rice lines transformed with Bacillus thuringiensis toxin genes on the brown planthopper and its predator Cyrtorhinus lividipennis nontarget, transgenic, trophic
2001 Crecchio, C., Stotzky, G. Biodegradation and insecticidal activity of the toxin from Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki bound on complexes of montmorillonite-humic acids-Al hydroxypolymers adsorption, Btk, clay, nontransgenic
2001 Crecchio, C., Stotzky, G. Biodegradation and insecticidal activity of the toxin from Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki bound on complexes of montmorillonite-humic acids-Al hydroxypolymers adsorption, Btk, clay, nontransgenic
2001 Saxena, D., Stotzky, G. Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) toxin released from root exudates and biomass of Bt corn has no apparent effect on earthworms, nematodes, protozoa, bacteria, and fungi in soil corn, CryIA(b), exudates, key, microbiology, natural soil, nontarget, transgenic
2001 Herman, R.A., Evans, S.L., Shanahan, D.M., Mihaliak, C.A., Bormett, G.A., Young, D.L., Buehrer, J. Rapid degradation of Cry1F delta-endotoxin in soil CryIF, natural soil, persistence
2001 Herman, R.A., Evans, S.L., Shanahan, D.M., Mihaliak, C.A., Bormett, G.A., Young, D.L., Buehrer, J. Rapid degradation of Cry1F delta-endotoxin in soil CryIF, natural soil, persistence
2001 Oberhauser, K.S., Prysby, M.D., Mattila, H.R., Stanley-Horn, D.E., Sears, M.K., Dively, G., Olson, E., Pleasants, J.M., Lam, W.F., Hellmich, R.L. Temporal and spatial overlap between monarch larvae and corn pollen Btk, corn, key, Lepidoptera, nontarget, pollen, risk assessment, transgenic
2001 Stanley-Horn, D.E., Dively, G.P., Hellmich, R.L., Mattila, H.R., Sears, M.K., Rose, R., Jesse, L.C.H., Losey, J.E., Obrycki, J.J., Lewis, L. Assessing the impact of Cry1Ab-expressing corn pollen on monarch butterfly larvae in field studies Btk, corn, CryIA(b), field, key, nontarget, pollen, transgenic
2001 Pleasants, J.M., Hellmich, R.L., Dively, G.P., Sears, M.K., Stanley-Horn, D.E., Mattila, H.R., Foster, J.E., Clark, T.L., Jones, G.D. Corn pollen deposition on milkweeds in and near cornfields corn, field, key, nontarget, pollen, transgenic
2001 Pleasants, J.M., Hellmich, R.L., Dively, G.P., Sears, M.K., Stanley-Horn, D.E., Mattila, H.R., Foster, J.E., Clark, T.L., Jones, G.D. Corn pollen deposition on milkweeds in and near cornfields corn, field, key, nontarget, pollen, transgenic
2001 Zangerl, A.R., McKenna, D., Wraight, C.L., Carroll, M., Ficarello, P., Warner, R., Berenbaum, M.R. Effects of exposure to event 176 Bacillus thuringiensis corn pollen on monarch and black swallowtail caterpillars under field conditions Btk, corn, field, key, Lepidoptera, nontarget, transgenic
2001 Zangerl, A.R., McKenna, D., Wraight, C.L., Carroll, M., Ficarello, P., Warner, R., Berenbaum, M.R. Effects of exposure to event 176 Bacillus thuringiensis corn pollen on monarch and black swallowtail caterpillars under field conditions Btk, corn, field, key, Lepidoptera, nontarget, transgenic
2001 Hellmich, R.L., Siegfried, B.D., Sears, M.K., Stanley-Horn, D.E., Daniels, M.J., Mattila, H.R., Spencer, T., Bidne, K.G., Lewis, L.C. Monarch larvae sensitivity to Bacillus thuringiensis-purified proteins and pollen corn, Cry1A(b), Cry1F, Cry9C, CryIA(c), key, Lepidoptera, nontarget, pollen, transgenic
2001 Sears, M.K., Hellmich, R.L., Stanley-Horn, D.E., Oberhauser, K.S., Pleasants, J.M., Mattila, H.R., Siegfried, B.D., Dively, G.P. Impact of Bt corn pollen on monarch butterfly populations: A risk assessment Btk, corn, key, Lepidoptera, nontarget, pollen, risk assessment, transgenic
2001 Sears, M.K., Hellmich, R.L., Stanley-Horn, D.E., Oberhauser, K.S., Pleasants, J.M., Mattila, H.R., Siegfried, B.D., Dively, G.P. Impact of Bt corn pollen on monarch butterfly populations: A risk assessment Btk, corn, key, Lepidoptera, nontarget, pollen, risk assessment, transgenic
2001 Adamczyk, J.J., Adams, C.L., Hardee, D.D. Field efficacy and seasonal expression profiles for terminal leaves of single and double Bacillus Thuringiensis toxin cotton genotypes Cry1Ac, Cry2Ab
2001 Raps, A., Kehr, J., Gugerli, P., Moars, W.J., Bigler, F., Hilbeck, A. Immunological analysis of phloem sap of Bacillus thuringiensis corn and of the nontarget herbivore Rhopalosiphum padi (Homoptera: Aphididae) for the presence of Cry1Ab Cry1Ab
2001 Raps, A., Kehr, J., Gugerli, P., Moars, W.J., Bigler, F., Hilbeck, A. Immunological analysis of phloem sap of Bacillus thuringiensis corn and of the nontarget herbivore Rhopalosiphum padi (Homoptera: Aphididae) for the presence of Cry1Ab Cry1Ab
2001 Saxena, D., Stotzky, G. Bt corn has a higher lignin content than non-Bt corn Cry1Ab
2001 Tschenn, J., Losey, J.E., Jesse, L.H., Obrycki, J.J., Hufbauer, R. Effects of corn plants and corn pollen on monarch butterfly (Lepidoptera: Danaidae) oviposition behavior Lepidoptera
2001 Head, G., Brown, C.R., Groth, M.E., Duan, J.J. Cry1Ab protein levels in phytophagous insects feeding on transgenic corn: implications for secondary exposure risk assessment Cry1Ab
2001 Schuler, T.H., Denholm, I., Jouanin, L., Clark, S.J., Clark, A.J., Poppy, G.M. Population-scale laboratory studies of the effect of transgenic plants on nontarget insects Cry1Ac
2001 Reed, G.L., Jensen, A.S., Riebe, J., Head, G., Duan, J.J. Transgenic Bt potato and conventional insecticides for Colorado potato beetle management: comparative efficacy and non-target impacts Cry3Aa
2001 Ortman, Barry, Buschman, Calvin, Carpenter, Dively, Foster, Fuller, Hellmich, Higgins, Hunt, Munkvold, Ostile, Rice, Roush, Sears, Shelton, Seigfried, Sloderbeck, Steffey, Turpin, Wedberg, Obrycki Transgenic Insecticidal Corn: The Agronomic and Ecological Rationale for its Use Commentary
2001 Obrycki, J.J., Losey, J.E., Taylor, O.R., Jesse, L.C.H. Transgenic insecticidal corn: Beyond insecticidal toxicity to ecological complexity Commentary
2001 Shelton, A.M., Sears, M.K. The Monarch butterfly controversy: scientific interpretations of a phenomenon Commentary
2001 Scriber, J.M. Bt or not Bt: is that the question? Commentary
2001 Chaufaux, J., Seguin, M., Swanson, J.J., Bourguet, D., Siegfried, D.B. Chronic exposure of the European corn borer (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) to Cry1Ab Bacillus thuringiensis toxin Lepidoptera
2001 Saxena, D., Stotzky, G. Bt toxin uptake from soil by plants Letter
2001 Al-deeb, M.A., Wilde, G.E., Higgins, R.A. No effect of Bacillus thuringiensis corn and Bacillus thuringiensis on the predator Orius insidiosus (Hemiptera: Anthocoridae) Cry1Aa, Cry1Ab, Cry1Ac, Cry2Ac, Cry2B
2001 Al-deeb, M.A., Wilde, G.E., Higgins, R.A. No effect of Bacillus thuringiensis corn and Bacillus thuringiensis on the predator Orius insidiosus (Hemiptera: Anthocoridae) Cry1Aa, Cry1Ab, Cry1Ac, Cry2Ac, Cry2B
2001 Pilcher, C.D., Rice, M.E. Effects of planting dates and Bacillus thuringiensis corn on the population dynamics of European corn borer (Lepidoptera: Cambidae) efficacy
2001 Meier, M.S.; Hilbeck, A. Influence of transgenic Bacillus thuringiensis corn-fed prey on prey preferece of immature Chrysoperla carnea (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae) nontarget, transgenic
2001 Meier, M.S.; Hilbeck, A. Influence of transgenic Bacillus thuringiensis corn-fed prey on prey preferece of immature Chrysoperla carnea (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae) nontarget, transgenic
2001 Erb, S.L.; Bourchier, R.S.; Frankenhuyzen, K.V.; Smith, S.M. Sublethal effects of Bacillus thuringiensis Berliner subsp. Kurstaki on Lymantria dispar (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) and the tachinid parasitoid Compsilura concinnata (Diptera: Tachinidae) Diptera, nontarget, nontransgenic, parasitoids, sublethal
2001 Erb, S.L.; Bourchier, R.S.; Frankenhuyzen, K.V.; Smith, S.M. Sublethal effects of Bacillus thuringiensis Berliner subsp. Kurstaki on Lymantria dispar (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) and the tachinid parasitoid Compsilura concinnata (Diptera: Tachinidae) Diptera, nontarget, nontransgenic, parasitoids, sublethal
2000 Saxena, D., Stotzky, G. Insecticidal toxin from Bacillus thuringiensis is released from roots of transgenic Bt corn in vitro and in situ Btk, clay, CryIA(b), exudates, key, transgenic
2000 Stotzky, G. Persistence and biological activity in soil of insecticidal proteins from Bacillus thuringiensis and of bacterial DNA bound on clays and humic acids Btk, clay, corn, key, persistence, review, soil, transgenic
2000 Hansen-Jesse, L.C., Obrycki, J.J. Field deposition of Bt transgenic corn pollen: lethal effects on the monarch butterfly Btk, corn, field, key, Lepidoptera, nontarget, transgenic
2000 Hansen-Jesse, L.C., Obrycki, J.J. Field deposition of Bt transgenic corn pollen: lethal effects on the monarch butterfly Btk, corn, field, key, Lepidoptera, nontarget, transgenic
2000 Wraight, C.L., Zangerl, A.R., Carroll, M.J., Berenbaum, M.R. Absence of toxicity of Bacillus thuringiensis pollen to black swallowtails under field conditions Btk, corn, field, key, Lepidoptera, nontarget, pollen, transgenic
2000 Wraight, C.L., Zangerl, A.R., Carroll, M.J., Berenbaum, M.R. Absence of toxicity of Bacillus thuringiensis pollen to black swallowtails under field conditions Btk, corn, field, key, Lepidoptera, nontarget, pollen, transgenic
2000 Wolfenbarger, L.L., Phifer, P.R. The ecological risks and benefits of genetically engineered plants key, review, risk assessment
2000 Acciarri, N., Vitelli, G., Arpaia, S., Mennella, G., Sunseri, F., Rotino, L.G. Transgenic resistance to the Colorado potato beetle in Bt-expressing eggplant fields Cry3B
2000 Acciarri, N., Vitelli, G., Arpaia, S., Mennella, G., Sunseri, F., Rotino, L.G. Transgenic resistance to the Colorado potato beetle in Bt-expressing eggplant fields Cry3B
2000 Marroquin, L.D, Elyassnia, D., Griffitts, J.S., Feitelson, J.S., Aroian, R.V. Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) toxin susceptibility and isolation of resistance mutants in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. Cry5B, Cry6A
2000 Zwahlen, C., Nentwig, W., Bigler, F., Hilbeck, A. Tritrophic interactions of transgenic Bacillus thuringiensis corn, Anaphothrips obscurus (Thysanoptera: Thripidae), and the predator Orius majusculus (Heteroptera: Anthocoridae) Cry1Ab
2000 Pimentel, D.S., Raven, P.H. Bt corn pollen impacts on nontarget Lepidoptera: assessment of effects in nature Commentary
2000 Armer, C.A., Berry, R.E., Kogan, M. Longevity of phytophagous heteropteran predators feeding on transgenic Btt-potato plants Predators
2000 Lozzia, G.C.; Rigamonti, L.E.; Manachini, B.; Rocchetti, R. Laboratory studies on the effects of transgenic corn on the spider mite Tetranychus urticae Koch Cry1Ab
2000 Escher, N.; Kach, B.; Nentwig, W. Decomposition of transgenic Bacillus thuringiensis maize by microorganisms and woodlice Porcellio scaber (Crustacea: Isopoda) nontarget, sublethal, transgenic
1999 Saxena, D., Flores, S., Stotzky, G. Insecticidal toxin in root exudates from Bt corn artificial soil, CryIA(b), exudates, key, persistence
1999 Hilbeck, A., Moar, W.J., Pusztai-Carey, M., Fillippini, A., Bigler, F. Prey-mediated effects of CryIA(b) toxin and protoxin and CryIIA protoxin on the predator Chrysoperla carnea CryIA(b), CryIIA, key, lacewing, nontarget, transgenic, trophic
1999 Losey, J.E., Rayor, L.S., Carter, M.E. Transgenic pollen harms monarch larvae Btk, corn, key, Lepidoptera, nontarget, transgenic
1999 Schuler, T.H., Potting, P.J., Denholm, I. , Poppy, M.G. Parasitoid behavior and Bt plants Cry1Ac
1999 Schuler, T.H., Potting, P.J., Denholm, I. , Poppy, M.G. Parasitoid behavior and Bt plants Cry1Ac
1999 Masoero, F., Moschini, M., Rossi, F., Prandini, A., Pietri, A. Nutritive value, mycotoxin contamination and in vitro rumen fermentation of normal and genetically modified corn (Cry1A(B)) grown in northern Italy Cry1Ab
1999 Klotz-Ingram, C., Jans, S., Fernandez-Cornejo, J., McBride, W. Farm-level production effects related to the adoption of genetically modified cotton for pest management Survey
1999 Alyokhin, A., Ferro, D.N., Hoy, C.W., Head, G. Laboratory assessment of flight activity displayed by Colorado potato beetles (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) fed on transgenic and cry3a toxin-treated potato foliage Cry3A
1999 Lozzia, G.C. Biodiversity and structure of ground beetle assemblages (Coleoptera Carabidae) in Bt corn and its effects on non target insects corn, Cry1Ab, nontarget, transgenic
1999 Lozzia, G.C. Biodiversity and structure of ground beetle assemblages (Coleoptera Carabidae) in Bt corn and its effects on non target insects corn, Cry1Ab, nontarget, transgenic
1998 Tapp, H., Stotzky, G. Persistence of the insecticidal toxin from Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki in soil Btk, clay, key, natural soil, nontransgenic, persistence
1998 Tapp, H., Stotzky, G. Persistence of the insecticidal toxin from Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki in soil Btk, clay, key, natural soil, nontransgenic, persistence
1998 Crecchio, C., Stotzky, G. Insecticidal activity and biodegradation of the toxin from Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki bound to humic acids from soil adsorption, Btk, nontransgenic
1998 Crecchio, C., Stotzky, G. Insecticidal activity and biodegradation of the toxin from Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki bound to humic acids from soil adsorption, Btk, nontransgenic
1998 Hilbeck, A., Baumgartner, M., Fried, P.M., Bigler, F. Effects of transgenic Bacillus thuringiensis corn-fed prey on mortality and development time of immature Chrysoperla carnea (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae) Cry1A(b), key, lacewing, nontarget, transgenic, trophic
1998 Hilbeck, A., Moar, W.J., Pusztai-Carey, M., Filippini, A., Bigler, F. Toxicity of Bacillus thuringiensis CryIAb toxin to the predator Chrysoperla carnea (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae) CryIA(b), key, lacewing, nontarget, transgenic
1998 Moran, R., Garcia, R., Lopez, A., Zaldua, Z., Mena, J., Garcia, M., Armas, R., Somonte, D., Rodriguez, J., Gomez, M., Pimentel, E. Transgenic sweet potato plants carrying the delta-endotoxin gene from Bacillus thuringiensis var. tenebrionis Btt, sweet potato
1998 Moran, R., Garcia, R., Lopez, A., Zaldua, Z., Mena, J., Garcia, M., Armas, R., Somonte, D., Rodriguez, J., Gomez, M., Pimentel, E. Transgenic sweet potato plants carrying the delta-endotoxin gene from Bacillus thuringiensis var. tenebrionis Btt, sweet potato
1998 Jouanin, L., Bonade-Bottino, M., Girard, C., Morrot, G., Giband, M. Transgenic plants for insect resistance review
1998 Riddick, E.W., Barbosa, P. Impact of Cry3A-intoxicated Leptinotarsa decemlineata (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) and pollen on consumption, development, and fecundity of Coleomegilla maculata (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) Cry3A
1998 Riddick, E.W., Dively, G., Barbosa, P. Effect of a seed-mix deployment of Cry3A transgenic and nontransgenic potato on the abundance of Lebia grandis (Coleoptera:Carabidae) and Coleomegilla maculata (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) Cry3A, nontarget
1998 Lozzia, G.C., Furlanis, C., Manachini, B., Rigamonti, I.E. Effects of Bt corn on Rhopalosiphum padi L. (Rhynchota Aphididae) and on its predator Chrysoperla carnea Stephen (Neuroptera Chrysopidae) Neuroptera
1998 Lozzia, G.C., Furlanis, C., Manachini, B., Rigamonti, I.E. Effects of Bt corn on Rhopalosiphum padi L. (Rhynchota Aphididae) and on its predator Chrysoperla carnea Stephen (Neuroptera Chrysopidae) Neuroptera
1997 Sims, S.R., Martin, J.W. Effect of the Bacillus thuringiensis insecticidal proteins CryIA(b), CryIA(c), CryIIA, and CryIIIA on Folsomia candida and Xenylla grisea (Insecta: Collembola) Collembola, CryIA(c), CryIA9, CryIIA, CryIIIA, key, nontarget, nontransgenic
1997 Koskella, J., Stotzky, G. Microbial utilization of free and clay-bound insecticidal toxins from Bacillus thuringiensis and their retention of insecticidal activity after incubation with microbes adsorption, Btk, Btt, clay, key, nontransgenic, persistence
1997 Orr, D. B., Landis, D.A. Oviposition of European corn borer (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) and impact of natural enemy populations in transgenic versus isogenic corn Btk, corn, CryIA(b), key, Lepidoptera, non-target, target, transgenic
1997 Orr, D. B., Landis, D.A. Oviposition of European corn borer (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) and impact of natural enemy populations in transgenic versus isogenic corn Btk, corn, CryIA(b), key, Lepidoptera, non-target, target, transgenic
1997 Sims, S.R., Ream, J.E. Soil inactivation of the Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki CryIIA insecticidal protein within transgenic cotton tissue: Laboratory microcosm and field studies Btk, chronic, cotton, CryIIA, field, key, microcosm, persistence, transgenic
1997 Sims, S.R., Ream, J.E. Soil inactivation of the Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki CryIIA insecticidal protein within transgenic cotton tissue: Laboratory microcosm and field studies Btk, chronic, cotton, CryIIA, field, key, microcosm, persistence, transgenic
1997 Tapp, H., Stotzky, G. Monitoring the insecticidal toxins from Bacillus thuringiensis in soil with flow cytometry analytical method, clay
1997 Gustafson, M.E., Clayton, R.A., Lavrik, P.B., Johnson, G.V., Leimgruber, R.M., Sims, S.R., Bartnicki, D.E. Large scale production and purification of Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. tenebrionis insecticidal protein from Escherichia coli Btt, production
1997 Sims, S.R. Host activity spectrum of the CryIIA Bacillus thuringiensis subsp kurstaki protein: effect on Lepidoptera, Diptera, and non-target arthropods Btk, CryIIA, key, Lepidoptera, nontarget, target
1997 Sims, S.R. Host activity spectrum of the CryIIA Bacillus thuringiensis subsp kurstaki protein: effect on Lepidoptera, Diptera, and non-target arthropods Btk, CryIIA, key, Lepidoptera, nontarget, target
1997 Simpson, R.M., Burgess, E.P.J., Markwick, N.P. Bacillus thuringiensis delta-endotoxin binding sites in two Lepidoptera, Wiseana spp. and Epiphyas postvittana Lepidoptera
1997 Yu, L., Berry, R.E., Croft, B.A. Effects of Bacillus thuringiensis toxins in transgenic cotton and potato on Folsomia candida (Collembola: Isotomidae and Oppia nitens (Acari: Oribatidae) Btk, Collembola, cotton, CryI(c), CryIA(b), HD-73, key, mite, potato, transgenic
1997 Yu, L., Berry, R.E., Croft, B.A. Effects of Bacillus thuringiensis toxins in transgenic cotton and potato on Folsomia candida (Collembola: Isotomidae and Oppia nitens (Acari: Oribatidae) Btk, Collembola, cotton, CryI(c), CryIA(b), HD-73, key, mite, potato, transgenic
1997 Fearing, P.L., Brown, D., Vlachos, D., Meghji, M., Privalle, L. Quantitative analysis of CryIA(b) expression in Bt maize plants, tissues, and silage and stability of expression over successive generations corn, CryIA(b), key, transgenic
1997 Fearing, P.L., Brown, D., Vlachos, D., Meghji, M., Privalle, L. Quantitative analysis of CryIA(b) expression in Bt maize plants, tissues, and silage and stability of expression over successive generations corn, CryIA(b), key, transgenic
1997 Pilcher, C.D., Obrycki, J.J., Rice, M.E., Lewis, L.C. Preimaginal development, survival, and field abundance of insect predators on transgenic Bacillus thuringiensis corn Coleoptera, CryIA(b), field, key, lacewing, nontarget, transgenic
1997 Pilcher, C.D., Rice, M.E., Obrycki, J.J., Lewis, L.C. Field and laboratory evaluations of transgenic Bacillus thuringiensis corn on secondary Lepidopteran pests (Lepidoptera:Noctuidae) corn, key, Lepidoptera, target, transgenic
1996 Palm, C. J., Schaller, D.L., Donegan, K.K., Seidler, R.J. Persistence in soil of transgenic plant produced Bacillus thuringiensis var. kurstaki delta-endotoxin Btk, cotton, key, microcosm, natural soil, persistence, transgenic
1996 Palm, C. J., Schaller, D.L., Donegan, K.K., Seidler, R.J. Persistence in soil of transgenic plant produced Bacillus thuringiensis var. kurstaki delta-endotoxin Btk, cotton, key, microcosm, natural soil, persistence, transgenic
1996 Sims, S.R., Holden, L.R. Insect bioassay for determining soil degradation of Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki CryIA(b) protein in corn tissue Btk, CryIA(b), natural soil, persistence, transgenic
1996 Sims, S.R., Holden, L.R. Insect bioassay for determining soil degradation of Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki CryIA(b) protein in corn tissue Btk, CryIA(b), natural soil, persistence, transgenic
1996 Addison, J.A., Holmes, S.B. Effect of two commercial formulations of Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki on the forest earthworm Dendrobaena octaedra Btk, earthworm, nontarget, nontransgenic
1996 Addison, J.A., Holmes, S.B. Effect of two commercial formulations of Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki on the forest earthworm Dendrobaena octaedra Btk, earthworm, nontarget, nontransgenic
1996 Sims, S.R., Berberich, S.A. Bacillus thuringiensis CryIA protein levels in raw and processed seed of transgenic cotton: Determination using insect bioassay and ELISA analytical method, cotton, CryIA, ELISA, key
1996 Sims, S.R., Berberich, S.A. Bacillus thuringiensis CryIA protein levels in raw and processed seed of transgenic cotton: Determination using insect bioassay and ELISA analytical method, cotton, CryIA, ELISA, key
1996 Sims, S.R., Berberich, S.A., Nida, D.L., Segalini, L.L., Leach, J.N., Ebert, C.C., Fuchs, R.L. Analysis of expressed proteins in fiber fractions from insect-protected and glyphosate-tolerant cotton varieties cotton, CryIA(c), western blot
1996 Sims, S.R., Berberich, S.A., Nida, D.L., Segalini, L.L., Leach, J.N., Ebert, C.C., Fuchs, R.L. Analysis of expressed proteins in fiber fractions from insect-protected and glyphosate-tolerant cotton varieties cotton, CryIA(c), western blot
1996 Donegan, K.K., Schaller, D.L., Stone, J.K., Ganio, L.M., Reed, G., Hamm, P.B., Seidler, R.J. Microbial populations, fungal species diversity and plant pathogen levels in field plots of potato plants expressing the Bacillus thuringiensis var. tenebrionis endotoxin Btt, key, microbiology, natural soil, nontransgenic, potato
1996 Wagner, D.L., Peacock, J.W., Carter, J.L., Talley, S.E. Field assessment of Bacillus thuringiensis on nontarget Lepidoptera Btk, Lepidoptera, nontarget, nontransgenic
1996 Dogan, E.B., Berry, R.E., Reed, G.L., Rossignol, P.A. Biological parameters of convergent lady beetles (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) feeding on aphids (Homoptera: Aphididae) on transgenic potato Coleoptera
1996 Stewart Jr., C.N., Adang, M.J., All, J.N., Raymer, P.L., Ramachandran, S., Parrott, W.A. Insect control and dosage effects in transgenic canola containing a synthetic Bacillus thuringiensis Cry1Ac gene Cry1Ac
1996 Stewart Jr., C.N., Adang, M.J., All, J.N., Raymer, P.L., Ramachandran, S., Parrott, W.A. Insect control and dosage effects in transgenic canola containing a synthetic Bacillus thuringiensis Cry1Ac gene Cry1Ac
1996 Wierenga, J.M., Norris, D.L., Whalon, M.E. Stage-specific mortality of Colorado potato beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) feeding on transgenic potatoes Cry3A
1995 Johnson, K. S., Scriber, J.M., Nitao, J.K., Smitley, D.R. Toxicity of Bt var. kurstaki to three nontarget lepidoptera in field studies Btk, Lepidoptera, nontarget, nontransgenic
1995 Sims, S.R. Bacillus thuringiensis var. kurstaki [CryIA(c)] protein expressed in transgenic cotton: Effects on beneficial and other non-target insects Btk, CryIA(c), key, nontarget
1995 Tapp, H., Stotzky, G. Insecticidal activity of the toxins from Bacillus thuringiensis subspecies kurstaki and tenebrionis adsorbed and bound on pure and soil clays adsorption, Btk, Btt, clay, nontransgenic
1995 Tapp, H., Stotzky, G. Dot blot enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for monitoring the fate of insecticidal toxins from Bt in soil analytical method, clay, ELISA, soil
1995 Tapp, H., Stotzky, G. Dot blot enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for monitoring the fate of insecticidal toxins from Bt in soil analytical method, clay, ELISA, soil
1995 Moar, W.J., Pusztai-Carey, M., Mack, T.P. Toxicity of purified proteins and the HD-1 strain from Bacillus thuringiensis against lesser cornstalk borer (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) CryIA(a), CryIA(b), CryIA(c), CryIIA, HD-1, Lepidoptera, target, transgenic
1995 Moar, W.J., Pusztai-Carey, M., Mack, T.P. Toxicity of purified proteins and the HD-1 strain from Bacillus thuringiensis against lesser cornstalk borer (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) CryIA(a), CryIA(b), CryIA(c), CryIIA, HD-1, Lepidoptera, target, transgenic
1995 McClintock, J.T., Schaffer, C.R., Sjoblad, R.D. A comparative review of the mammalian toxicity of Bacillus thuringiensis-based pesticides key, mammalian toxicity, review
1995 Donegan, K.K., Palm, C.J., Fieland V.J., Porteous, L.A., Ganio, L.M., Schaller, D.L., Bucao, L.Q., Seidler, R.J. Changes in levels, species and DNA fingerprints of soil microorganisms associated with cotton expressing the Bacillus thuringiensis var. kurstaki endotoxin Btk, cotton, key, microbiology, natural soil, risk assessment
1995 Donegan, K.K., Palm, C.J., Fieland V.J., Porteous, L.A., Ganio, L.M., Schaller, D.L., Bucao, L.Q., Seidler, R.J. Changes in levels, species and DNA fingerprints of soil microorganisms associated with cotton expressing the Bacillus thuringiensis var. kurstaki endotoxin Btk, cotton, key, microbiology, natural soil, risk assessment
1995 Addison, J.A., Holmes, S.B. Effect of two commercial formulations of Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki (Dipel 8L and Dipel 8AF) on the collembolan species Folsomia candida in a soil microcosm study Btk, Collembola, microcosm, nontransgenic
1995 Doyle, J.D., Stotzky, G., McClung, G., Hendricks, C.W. Effects of genetically engineered microorganisms on microbial populations and processes in natural habitats microbiology, natural soil, review
1995 Doyle, J.D., Stotzky, G., McClung, G., Hendricks, C.W. Effects of genetically engineered microorganisms on microbial populations and processes in natural habitats microbiology, natural soil, review
1995 Hoy, C.W., Head, G. Correlation between behavioral and physiological responses to transgenic potatoes containing Bacillus thuringiensis delta-endotoxin in Leptinotarsa decemlineata (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) Coleoptera
1995 Flint, H.M., Henneberry, T.J., Wilson, F.D., Holguin, E., Parks, N., Buehler, R.E. The effects of transgenic cotton, Gossypium hirsutum L., containing Bacillus thuringiensis toxin genes for the control of the pink bollworm, Pectinophora gossypiella (Saunders) and other arthropods Btk, Lepidoptera
1994 Suzuki, N., Hori, H., Tachibana, M., Indrasith, L.S., Fujie, A. Residual effects of the toxin from Bt serovar japonensis strain buibui in the soil Btj, natural soil, nontransgenic, persistence
1994 Robert, P., Chaufaux, J., Marchal, M. Sensitivity of larval Oxythyrea funesta (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae, Cetoniinae) to three strain of Bacillus thuringiensis (Subsp. tenebrionis) Btt, Coleoptera
1994 Tapp, H., Calamai, L., Stotzky, G. Adsorption and binding of the insecticidal proteins from Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki and subsp. tenebrionis on clay minerals adsorption, Btk, Btt, clay, CryI, CryII, key
1994 Tapp, H., Calamai, L., Stotzky, G. Adsorption and binding of the insecticidal proteins from Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki and subsp. tenebrionis on clay minerals adsorption, Btk, Btt, clay, CryI, CryII, key
1994 Visser, S., Addison, J.A., Holmes, S.B. Effects of Dipel 176, a Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki (Btk.) formulation, on the soil microflora and the fate of Btk in an acid forest soil: a laboratory study Btk, microbiology, natural soil, persistence
1994 Jepson, C.P., Croft, B.A., Pratt, G.E. Test systems to determine the ecological risks posed by toxin release from Bacillus thuringiensis genes in crop plants review, risk assessment, transgenic
1994 Palm, C.J., Donegan, K., Harris, D., Seidler, R.J. Quantification in soil of Bacillus thuringiensis var. kurstaki delta-endotoxin from transgenic plants Btk, cotton, ELISA, key, natural soil, persistence, transgenic
1994 Palm, C.J., Donegan, K., Harris, D., Seidler, R.J. Quantification in soil of Bacillus thuringiensis var. kurstaki delta-endotoxin from transgenic plants Btk, cotton, ELISA, key, natural soil, persistence, transgenic
1994 Bezdicek, D.F., Quinn, M.A., Forse, L., Heron, D., Kahn, M.L. Insecticidal activity and competitiveness of Rhizobium spp. containing the Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. tenebrionis delta-endotoxin gene (CryIII) in legume nodules Btt, CryIII
1994 Fitt, G.P., Mares, C.L., Llewellyn, D.J. Field evaluation and potential ecological impact of transgenic cottons (Gossypium hirsutum) in Australia cotton, field, key, transgenic
1994 Giroux, S., Cote, J., Vincent, C., Martel, P., Coderre, D. (proper punctuation/accenting of names not possible in this format) Bacteriological insecticide M-One effects on predation efficiency and mortality of adult Coleomegilla maculata lengi (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) M-One
1994 Giroux, S.; Coderre, D.; Vincent, C.; Cote, J.-C. Effects of Bacillus thuringiensis var San Diego on predation effectiveness, development and mortality of Coleomegilla maculata lengi (Col: Coccinellidae) larvae M-One
1993 Addison, J. A. Persistence and nontarget effects of Bacillus thuringiensis in soil: a review nontarget, nontransgenic, review
1993 James, R.R., Miller, J.C., Lighthart, B. Bacillus thuringiensis var. kurstaki affects a beneficial insect, the cinnabar moth (Lepidoptera: Arctidae) Btk, Lepidoptera, nontarget, nontransgenic
1993 Benedict, J.H., Sachs, E.S., Altman, D.W., Ring, D.R., Stone, T.B., Sims, S.R. Impact of delta-endotoxin producing transgenic cotton on insect-plant interactions with Heliothis virescens and Helicoverpa zea (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) Btk, cotton, Lepidoptera, target, transgenic
1993 Charbonneau, C.S., Drobney, R.D., Rabeni, C.F. Effects of Bacillus thuringiensis var. israelensis on nontarget benthic organisms in a lentic habitat and factors affecting the efficacy of the larvicide Bti, nontarget, nontransgenic
1993 Charbonneau, C.S., Drobney, R.D., Rabeni, C.F. Effects of Bacillus thuringiensis var. israelensis on nontarget benthic organisms in a lentic habitat and factors affecting the efficacy of the larvicide Bti, nontarget, nontransgenic
1993 Stotzky, G., Broder, M.W., Doyle, J.D., Jones, R.A. Selected methods for the detection and assessment of ecological effects resulting from the release of genetically engineered microorganisms to the terrestrial environment analytical methods, natural soil, review
1993 James, R.R., Miller, J.C., Lighthart, B. Bacillus thuringiensis var kurstaki affects a beneficial insect, the cinnabar moth (Lepidoptera: Arctiidae) Btk, Lepidoptera, nontarget, nontransgenic
1993 James, R.R., Miller, J.C., Lighthart, B. Bacillus thuringiensis var kurstaki affects a beneficial insect, the cinnabar moth (Lepidoptera: Arctiidae) Btk, Lepidoptera, nontarget, nontransgenic
1993 Koziel, M.G.; Beland, G.L.; Bowman, C.; Carozzi, N.B.; Crenshaw, R.; Crossland, L.; Dawson, J.; Desai, N.; Hill, M.; Kadwell, S.; Launis, K. Field performance of elite transgenic maize plants expressing an insecticidal protein derived from Bacillus thuringiensis maize
1992 Slaney, A.C., Robbins, H.L., English, L. Mode of action of Bacillus thuringiensis toxin CryIIIA: An analysis of toxicity in Leptinotarsa decemlineata (Say) and Diabrotica undecimpunctata howardi Barber Coleoptera, CryIIIA, mode of action
1992 English, L., Slatin, S.L. Mode of action of Delta-endotoxins from Bacillus thuringiensis: A comparison with other bacterial toxins mode of action, review
1992 Sundaram, K.M.S., Sundaram, A. An insect bioassay method to determine persistence of Bacillus thuringiensis var. kurstaki (B.T.K.) protein in oak foliage, following application of a commercial formulation under field and laboratory conditions analytical method, Btk, field, nontransgenic, persistence
1992 Kreutzweiser, D.P., Holmes, S.B., Capell, S.S., Eichenberg, D.C. Lethal and sublethal effects of Bacillus thuringiensis var. kurstaki on aquatic insects in laboratory bioassays and outdoor stream channels aquatic, Btk, field, nontransgenic
1992 Kreutzweiser, D.P., Holmes, S.B., Capell, S.S., Eichenberg, D.C. Lethal and sublethal effects of Bacillus thuringiensis var. kurstaki on aquatic insects in laboratory bioassays and outdoor stream channels aquatic, Btk, field, nontransgenic
1992 Venkateswerlu, G., Stotzky, G. Binding of the protoxin and toxin proteins of Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki on clay minerals adsorption, Btk, clay
1992 Venkateswerlu, G., Stotzky, G. Binding of the protoxin and toxin proteins of Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki on clay minerals adsorption, Btk, clay
1992 Beegle, C.C., Yamamoto, T. Invitation Paper (C.P. Alexander Fund): History of Bacillus thuringiensis Berliner research and development review
1992 Koller, C.N., Bauer, L.S., Hollingworth, R.M. Characterization of the pH-mediated solubility of Bacillus thuringiensis var. san diego native delta-endotoxins analytical method, Btsd
1992 Johnson, M.T., Gould, F. Interaction of genetically engineered host plant resistance and natural enemies of Heliothis virescens (Lepidoptera:Noctuidae) in tobacco. field, key, Lepidoptera, nontarget, target, tobacco, transgenic
1992 Johnson, M.T., Gould, F. Interaction of genetically engineered host plant resistance and natural enemies of Heliothis virescens (Lepidoptera:Noctuidae) in tobacco. field, key, Lepidoptera, nontarget, target, tobacco, transgenic
1992 Feitelson, J.S., Payne, J., Kim, L. Bacillus thuringiensis: insects and beyond review
1991 Chapman, M.H., Hoy, M.J. Relative toxicity of Bacillus thuringiensis var. tenebrionis to the two-spotted spider mite (Tetranychus urticae Koch) and its predator Metaseiulus occidentalis (Nesbitt) (Acari, Tetranychidae and Phytoseiidae) Btt, mite, nontarget, nontransgenic
1991 Adang,Michael J. Bacillus thuringiensis insecticidal crystal proteins: Gene structure, action, and utilization mode of action, review
1991 Adang,Michael J. Bacillus thuringiensis insecticidal crystal proteins: Gene structure, action, and utilization mode of action, review
1991 Aronson, A.I., Han, E., McGaughey, W., Johnson, D. The solubility of inclusion proteins from Bacillus thuringiensis is dependent upon protoxin composition and is a factor in toxicity to insects Bta
1991 Aronson, A.I., Han, E., McGaughey, W., Johnson, D. The solubility of inclusion proteins from Bacillus thuringiensis is dependent upon protoxin composition and is a factor in toxicity to insects Bta
1991 MacIntosh, S.C., Stone, T.B., Jokerst, R.S., Fuchs, R.L. Binding of Bacillus thuringiensis proteins to a laboratory-selected line of Heliothis virescens Lepidoptera
1990 MacIntosh, S.C., Stone, T.B., Sims, S.R., Hunst, P.L., Greenplate, J.T., Marrone, P.G., Perlak, F.J., Fischhoff, D.A., Ruchs, R.L. Specificity and efficacy of purified Bacillus thuringiensis proteins against agronomically important insects Btk, Btt, CryIA(b), CryIA(c), CryIIIA, target
1990 Meadows, J., Gill, S.S., Bone, L.W. Bacillus thuringiensis strains affect population growth of the free-living nematode Turbatrix aceti Bti, Btk, Btm, nematode
1990 Venkateswerlu, G., Stotzky, G. Simple method for the isolation of the anti-Lepidopteran toxin from Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. Kurstaki analytical method, Btk
1990 Wolfersberger, M.G. The toxicity of two Bacillus thuringiensis delta-endotoxins to gypsy moth larvae is inversely related to the affinity of binding sites on midgut brush border membranes for the toxins Btk, HD-73, HD1-9, target
1990 Wolfersberger, M.G. The toxicity of two Bacillus thuringiensis delta-endotoxins to gypsy moth larvae is inversely related to the affinity of binding sites on midgut brush border membranes for the toxins Btk, HD-73, HD1-9, target
1990 MacIntosh, S.C., McPherson, S.L., Perlak, F.J., Marrone, P.G., Fuchs, R.L. Purification and characterization of Bacillus thuringiensis var. tenebrionis insecticidal proteins produced in E. coli analytical method, Btt, production
1990 MacIntosh, S.C., McPherson, S.L., Perlak, F.J., Marrone, P.G., Fuchs, R.L. Purification and characterization of Bacillus thuringiensis var. tenebrionis insecticidal proteins produced in E. coli analytical method, Btt, production
1990 Miller, J.C. Field assessment of the effects of a microbial pest control agent on nontarget Lepidoptera Btk, field, Lepidoptera, nontarget
1990 Miller, J.C. Field assessment of the effects of a microbial pest control agent on nontarget Lepidoptera Btk, field, Lepidoptera, nontarget
1990 Bauer, L.S. Response of the cottonwood leaf beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) to Bacillus thuringiensis var. san diego bioassay
1989 Hofte, H., Whiteley, H.R. Insecticidal crystal proteins of Bacillus thuringiensis mode of action, nontransgenic, review
1989 Bietlot, H., Carey, P.R., Choma, C., Kaplan, H., Lessard, T., Pozsgay, M. Facile preparation and characterization of the toxin from Bacillus thuringiensis var. kurstaki analytical method, Btk, production
1989 Wharton, D.A., Bone, L.W. Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis toxin affects egg-shell ultrastructure of Trichostrongylus colubriformis (Nematoda) Bti, egg, nematode, nontarget
1989 Wharton, D.A., Bone, L.W. Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis toxin affects egg-shell ultrastructure of Trichostrongylus colubriformis (Nematoda) Bti, egg, nematode, nontarget
1989 Sheng Zhu, Y., Brookes, A., Carlson, K., Filner, P. Separation of protein crystals from spores of Bacillus thuringiensis by Ludox gradient centrifugation production
1989 Meadows, J., Gill, S.S., Bone, L.W. Factors influencing lethality of Bacillus thuringiensis kurstaki toxin for eggs and larvae of Trichostongylus colubriformis (nematoda) Btk
1988 Krischik, V.A., Barbosa, P., Reichelderfer, C.F. Three trophic level interactions: Allelochemicals, Manduca sexta (L.) and Bacillus thuringiensis var. kurstaki Berliner Btk, Lepidoptera, transgenic, trophic
1988 Krischik, V.A., Barbosa, P., Reichelderfer, C.F. Three trophic level interactions: Allelochemicals, Manduca sexta (L.) and Bacillus thuringiensis var. kurstaki Berliner Btk, Lepidoptera, transgenic, trophic
1987 Beckwith, R.C., Stelzer, M.J. Persistence of Bacillus thuringiensis in two formulations applied by helicopter against the western spruce budworm (Lepidoptera:Tortricidae) in North Central Oregon Btk, Lepidoptera, nontransgenic, persistence
1987 Barton, K.A., Whiteley, H.R., Yang, N-S Bacillus thuringiensis delta-endotoxin expressed in transgenic Nicotiana tabacum provides resistance to Lepidopteran insects Lepidoptera, tobacco, transgenic
1987 Siegel, J.P., Shadduck, J.A., Szabo, J. Safety of the entomopathogen Bacillus thuringiensis var. israelensis for mammals Bti, mammalian tox
1987 Bone, L.W., Bottjer, K.P., Gill, S.S. Alteration of Trichostrongylus colubriformis egg permeability by Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis toxin Bti, egg, nematode
1987 Bone, L.W., Bottjer, K.P., Gill, S.S. Alteration of Trichostrongylus colubriformis egg permeability by Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis toxin Bti, egg, nematode
1986 Flexner, J. L., Lighthart, B., Croft, B.A. The effects of microbial pesticides on non-target, beneficial arthropods nontarget, nontransgenic, review
1986 Flexner, J. L., Lighthart, B., Croft, B.A. The effects of microbial pesticides on non-target, beneficial arthropods nontarget, nontransgenic, review
1986 Bennett, R. S., Klaas, E.E., Coats, J.R., Kolbe, E.J. Fenvalerate concentrations in the vegetation, insects, and small mammals of an old-field ecosystem field, non-target
1986 Bennett, R. S., Klaas, E.E., Coats, J.R., Kolbe, E.J. Fenvalerate concentrations in the vegetation, insects, and small mammals of an old-field ecosystem field, non-target
1986 Whiteley, H.R., Schnepf, H.E. The molecular biology of parasporal crystal body formation in Bacillus thuringiensis Lepidopteran, review
1986 Whiteley, H.R., Schnepf, H.E. The molecular biology of parasporal crystal body formation in Bacillus thuringiensis Lepidopteran, review
1986 Bernhard, K. Studies on the delta-endotoxin of Bacillus thuringiensis var. tenebrionis analytical method, Btt
1985 West, A. W., Burges, H.D. Persistence of Bacillus thuringiensis and Bacillus cereus in soil supplemented with grass or manure natural soil, nontransgenic, persistence
1985 West, A. W., Burges, H.D. Persistence of Bacillus thuringiensis and Bacillus cereus in soil supplemented with grass or manure natural soil, nontransgenic, persistence
1985 Bottjer, K.P., Bone, L.W., Gill, S.S Nematoda: Susceptibility of the egg to Bacillus thuringiensis toxins Bti, Btk, egg, nematode, nontransgenic
1985 West, A.W., Burges, H.D., Dixon, T.J., Wyborn, C.H. Survival of Bacillus thuringiensis and Bacillus cereus spore inocula in soil: Effects of pH, moisture, nutrient availability and indigenous microorganisms nontransgenic, persistence, soil
1985 West, A.W., Burges, H.D., Dixon, T.J., Wyborn, C.H. Survival of Bacillus thuringiensis and Bacillus cereus spore inocula in soil: Effects of pH, moisture, nutrient availability and indigenous microorganisms nontransgenic, persistence, soil
1985 Petras, S.F., Casida, L.E. Jr. Survival of Bacillus thuringiensis spores in soil field, natural soil, nontransgenic, persistence
1985 Eidt, D.C. Toxicity of Bacillus thuringiensis var. kurstaki to aquatic insects aquatic, Btk, nontarget
1985 Eidt, D.C. Toxicity of Bacillus thuringiensis var. kurstaki to aquatic insects aquatic, Btk, nontarget
1985 Bone, L.W., Bottjer, K.P., Gill, S.S. Trichostrongylus colubriformis: Egg lethality due to Bacillus thuringiensis crystal toxin Bti, egg, nematode
1985 Bone, L.W., Bottjer, K.P., Gill, S.S. Trichostrongylus colubriformis: Egg lethality due to Bacillus thuringiensis crystal toxin Bti, egg, nematode
1984 West, A.W. Fate of the insecticidal, proteinaceous parasporal crystal of Bacillus thuringiensis in soil natural soil, nontransgenic, persistence
1984 West, A.W. Fate of the insecticidal, proteinaceous parasporal crystal of Bacillus thuringiensis in soil natural soil, nontransgenic, persistence
1984 West, A.W., Burges, H.D., White, R.J., Wyborn, C.H. Persistence of Bacillus thuringiensis parasporal crystal insecticidal activity in soil Bta, key, natural soil, nontransgenic, persistence
1984 Krieg, A., Miltenburger, G. Bioinsecticides: I. Bacillus thuringiensis mode of action, nontransgenic, production
1984 West, A.W., Burges, H.D., Wyborn, C.H. Effect of incubation in natural and autoclaved soil upon potency and viability of Bacillus thuringiensis Bta, natural soil, nontransgenic
1984 West, A.W., Crook, N.E., Burges, H.D. Detection of Bacillus thuringiensis in soil by immunofluorescence analytical method
1984 West, A.W., Crook, N.E., Burges, H.D. Detection of Bacillus thuringiensis in soil by immunofluorescence analytical method
1983 Gray, M. E., Coats, J.R. Effects of an insecticide and a herbicide combination on nontarget arthropods in a cornfield corn, field, nontarget
1983 Yamamoto, T. Identification of entomocidal toxins of Bacillus thuringiensis by high performance liquid chromatography analytical method
1983 Yamamoto, T. Identification of entomocidal toxins of Bacillus thuringiensis by high performance liquid chromatography analytical method
1983 Salama, H.S., Zaki, F.N. Interaction between Bacillus thuringiensis Berliner and the parasites and predators of Spodoptera littoralis in Egypt parasite
1982 Mulla, M.S., Federici, B.A., Darwazeh, H.A. Larvicidal efficacy of Bacillus thuringiensis serotype H-14 against stagnant water mosquitoes and its effects on nontarget organisms Bti, nontarget, target
1982 Burges, H.D., Krieg, A., Luthy, P., De Barjac, H. Guidelines for safety tests and registration of bacterial pesticides nontransgenic, review
1982 Burges, H.D., Krieg, A., Luthy, P., De Barjac, H. Guidelines for safety tests and registration of bacterial pesticides nontransgenic, review
1981 Beegle, C.C., Dulmage, H.T., Wolfenbarger, D.A., Martinez, E. Persistence of Bacillus thuringiensis Berliner insecticidal activity on cotton foliage Btk, cotton, nontransgenic, persistence
1981 Molloy, D., Jamnback, H. Field evaluation of Bacillus thuringiensis var. israelensis as a black fly biocontrol agent and its effect on nontarget stream insects aquatic, Bti, field, nontarget, target
1981 Molloy, D., Jamnback, H. Field evaluation of Bacillus thuringiensis var. israelensis as a black fly biocontrol agent and its effect on nontarget stream insects aquatic, Bti, field, nontarget, target
1981 Salama, H.S., Foda, M.S., El-Sharaby, A., Matter, M., Khalafallah, M. Development of some Lepidopterous cotton pests as affected by exposure to sublethal levels of endotoxins of Bacillus thuringiensis for different periods Btk, chronic, Lepidoptera, target
1981 Ali, Arshad Bacillus thuringiensis serovar. israelensis (ABG-6108) against Chironmids and Some Nontarget Aquatic Invertebrates aquatic, Chironomidae, nontarget
1980 Leong, K.L.H., Cano, R.J., Kubinski, A.M. Factors affecting Bacillus thuringiensis total field persistence Btk, field, nontransgenic, persistence
1980 Leong, K.L.H., Cano, R.J., Kubinski, A.M. Factors affecting Bacillus thuringiensis total field persistence Btk, field, nontransgenic, persistence
1980 Pruett, C.J.H., Burges, H.D., Wyborn, C.H. Effect of exposure to soil on potency and spore viability of Bacillus thuringiensis Btg, natural soil, persistence
1978 Ang, B.J., Nickerson, K.W. Purification of the protein crystal from Bacillus thuringiensis by zonal gradient centrifugation production
1978 Dulmage, H.T., Graham, H.M., Martinez, E. Interactions between the tobacco budworm, Heliothis virescens, and the delta-endotoxin produced by the HD-1 isolate of Bacillus thuringiensis var. kurstaki: Relationship between length of exposure to the toxin and survival Btk, HD-1, Lepidoptera
1976 Schesser, J.H., Kramer, K.J., Bulla, L.A. Bioassay for homogeneous parasporal crystal of Bacillus thuringiensis using the tobacco hornworm, Manduca sexta analytical method
1976 Dulmage, H.T., Martinez, A.J., Pena, T. Bioassay of Bacillus thuringiensis (Berliner) delta-endotoxin using the tobacco budworm analytical method, Lepidoptera
1975 Benz, G., Altwegg, A. Safety of Bacillus thuringiensis for earthworms Btk, earthworm, field, nontarget, nontransgenic
1975 Dunbar, J.P., Johnson, A.W. Bacillus thuringiensis: Effects on the survival of a tobacco budworm parasitoid and predator in the laboratory nontarget, nontransgenic
1975 Brand, R.J., Pinnock, D.E., Jackson, K.L., Milstead, J.E. Methods for assessing field persistence of Bacillus thuringiensis spores nontransgenic, persistence
1975 Hostetter, D.L., Ignoffo, C.M., Kearby, W.H. Persistence of formulations of Bacillus thuringiensis spores and crystals on eastern red cedar foliage in Missouri nontransgenic, persistence
1975 Hostetter, D.L., Ignoffo, C.M., Kearby, W.H. Persistence of formulations of Bacillus thuringiensis spores and crystals on eastern red cedar foliage in Missouri nontransgenic, persistence
1974 Ignoffo, C.M., Hostetter, D.L., Pinnell, R.E. Stability of Bacillus thuringiensis and Baculovirus heliothis on soybean foliage nontransgenic, persistence
1973 Yousten, A.A. Effect of the Bacillus thuringiensis delta-endotoxin on an insect predator which has consumed intoxicated cabbage looper larvae Btk, key, Lepidoptera, Mantodea, nontarget, trophic
1973 Dulmage, H.T., Martinez, E. The effects of continuous exposure to low concentrations of the delta-endotoxin of Bacillus thuringiensis on the development of the tobacco budworm, Heliothis virescens Btk, chronic, Lepidoptera, target
1971 Hall, I.M., Hunter, D.K., Arakawa, K.Y. The effect of the beta-endotoxin fraction of Bacillus thuringiensis on the citrus red mite exotoxin
1971 Pinnock, D.E., Brand, R.J., Milstead, J.E. The field persistence of Bacillus thuringiensis spores field, nontransgenic, persistence
1971 Dulmage, H.T., Boening, O.P., Rehnborg, C.S., Hansen, G.D. A proposed standardized bioassay for formulations of Bacillus thuringiensis based on the international unit analytical method
1970 Saleh, S.M., Harris, R.F., Allen, O.N. Recovery of Bacillus thuringiensis var. thuringiensis from field soils natural soil, nontransgenic, persistence
1970 Saleh, S.M., Harris, R.F., Allen, O.N. Fate of Bacillus thuringiensis in soil: effect of soil pH and organic amendment nontransgenic, persistence, soil
1965 Jaques, R.P. The effect of Bacillus thuringiensis Berliner on the fauna of an apple orchard field, Lepidoptera, nontransgenic, target
1961 Smirnoff, W.A., Heimpel, A.M. Notes on the pathogenicity of Bacillus thuringiensis var. thuringiensis Berliner for the earthworm, Lumbricus terrestris Linnaeus earthworm, nontarget, nontransgenic