Garden fleahopper: Biology and ecology

Garden fleahopper: Female garden fleahoppers, Halticus bractatus.Garden fleahopper: Female garden fleahoppers, Halticus bractatus.

In the spring female garden fleahoppers deposit eggs in feeding punctures. The resulting nypmphs go through five stages. There are three generations per year and are present from early April until late September. They may overwinter as adults or eggs and is found throughout most of North America. Additionally, this insect feed on many host plants including; alfalfa, soybean, beans, clovers, barley, corn, oats, wheat, eggplant, potato, tobacco, cotton, and orange (Ashmead 1887, Beyer 1921).