I am particularly interested in obtaining E-mail addresses for a directory of recipients and hope, beginning with this issue, to make Flea News available on the Internet. If your World-Wide Web browser supports the "mailto:" function, you can click here to send me your name, mailing address, and e-mail address.
It is with a heavy heart that I report the death of my wife, colleague and best friend, Joanne, of a massive heart attack.
Joanne (Hauschild) Lewis was born in Cleveland, Ohio. She attended the Richmond, Indiana, school system and we were wed in that city in June of 1952. She attended classes in nursing at Reid Memorial Hospital and Earlham College, both in Richmond, and German and other subjects at the University of Illinois, Urbana, IL. In 1959 she accompanied me to the American University of Beirut, in Lebanon, where she served as a research assistant and as my assistant curator of the Natural History Museum. In 1967 we returned to the United States, taking up residence in Ames. There she was employed by the Ames Laboratory (DOE) from 1969 to 1974. From 1974 until her death she was a collaborator on a number of projects dealing with ectoparasitic insects and their hosts. She was co-author of eight technical papers and two books on the subject, as well as co-editor of this newsletter.
She served on the Rules Committee of the National Organization of the Embroiderer's Guild of America, was active in the Heartland Region of the Guild, and was past president of the Ames Chapter. She was also a member of Netekar Temple No. 11 of the Daughters of the Nile, and Laura Chapter No. 115 of the Order of Eastern Star.
The Joanne H. Lewis Library Endowment Fund has been established at Iowa State University in her memory.
The latest issue of the Bulletin of the Society of Vector Ecology (18: xii) carried the short obituary of Dr. T. R. Hadi upon which the following is based.
Dr. Hadi was born in Bandung, Java, and succumbed to meningitis at the age of 49. She earned Bachelor's, Master's and Doctorate degrees from various Javanese Universities and earned a second Master's degree from the University of Hawaii (Manoa) in 1980. From 1976 to 1978 she was Senior Technician, and later Research Scientist at the United States Naval Medical Research Unit No. 2 (NAMRU-2) in Jakarta. There she collaborated with a number of American colleagues (Carney, Cross, Dennis and van Peenan) on entomological and parasitological surveys throughout the Indonesian Archipelago. From 1976 until her death she pursued similar studies as a Researd Scientist with the National Institute for Health Research and Development of the Indonesian Ministry of Heath in Jakarta. Her interests were broad and included vector-borne diseases and their reservoirs, especially scrub typus, murine typhus and plague. She was particularly focused on scrub typhus and the taxonomy of its chigger vectors and it was in this specialty that she performed her most detailed studies. Her passing deprives the region of a major source of expertise in acarology, and certainly one of its leading vector biologists.
The first call for papers has been sent out for the symposium entitled Appalachian Biogeography scheduled for June 25-29, 1995 at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA. Papers are requested relating to the present or historical biogeography of the Appalachians and factors influencing Appalachian biogeography. Specifically, papers are sought from the following disciplines: Botany, Geology, Invertebrate Zoology, Palaeobiology, Palaeoclimatology, Physical Geography & Vertebrate Biology.
The proceedings resulting from this symposium will be published and all presenters are urged to submit manuscripts for peer review. Titles and abstracts are requested by December 15, 1994. Titles may be submitted and information requested from: Dr. Ralph P. Eckerlin, Natural Sciences Division, Northern VA Community College, 8333 Little River Turnpike, Annandale, VA 22003-3796, Fax (703) 323 3215
A copy of Holland's The fleas of Canada, Alaska and Greenland (Siphonaptera). Will pay fair price plus postage. Contact J. Kucera, 5930 S. Sultan Circle, Murray, UT 84107.
Grigal, Mark, 6812 McCormick Woods Dr. S. W., Port Orchard, WA 98366-7613.
Hansen, Steve, Sandoz Animal Health, 1300 E. Touhy, Des Plaines, IL 60018.
Main, Andrew J., AUC-Staff cv/o IIE, 809 United Nations Plaza, New York, NY 10017.
Mason, John, 6 Kendrick's Bank, Bayston Hill, Shrewsbury, Salop, SY3 0EH, ENGLAND
Nezvesky, L. O., 1785 Boston Avenue, Suite 2, Bridgeport, CT, 06610-2608.
Kim Larsen & Alice Oleson (vide Bille, 1993) of the Danish Pest Infestation Laboratory report the following studies on fleas in progress in their institution: 9.1 Fleas and farmed mink. 9.2 The squirrel flea Ceratophyllus[(Monopsyllus)] sciurorum sciurorum. 9.2.1 Rearing fleas. 9.2.2 Survival and development related to temperature and humidity. 9.2.3 Flea behavior. 9.3 The cat flea. 9.3.1 Transmission experiments with Afipia felis by use of membrane-fed cat fleas. 9.3.2 Development of cat fleas during the year in Denmark. 9.3.3 Focusing on the substrates when evaluating the efficacy of insecticides.
Requests may be directed to:, Ms. Nancy Adams, Department of Entomology, NMNH, Smithsonian Institution, MRC 105, Washington, DC 20560
Following is the inventory listed by insect order.
Durden, Traub & Emerson, 1990. Sucking lice (Anoplura) from Pakistan mammals, with notes on zoogeography. (8)
Emerson & Kim, 1968. Records of Anoplura from South West Africa. (14)
Johnson, 1957. The identity of Pediculus spiculifer Gervais (Anoplura). (200)
Descriptions of two new species of Eulinognathus Cummings, and redescription of E. aculeatus (Neumann) (Anoplura). (17)
1958. Type specimens of lice (Order Anoplura) in the United States National Museum. (32)
A new species of Anoplura from the Philippines. (29)
1959. The rodent-infesting Anoplura (Sucking lice) of Thailand, with remarks on some related species. (8)
1960. A new species of Hoplopleura from Australia (Anoplura: Hoplopleuridae). (119)
The Anoplura of African rodents and insectivores. (17)
1962. Redescriptions of two cervid-infesting Anoplura from southeast Asia. (52)
Notes and descriptions of African lice. (Anoplura) (4)
Three new Anoplura from African rodents (Anoplura: Hoplopleuridae). (37)
The species of Fahrenholzia Kellogg and Ferris from spiny pocket mice (Anoplura: Hoplopluiridae). (37)
1963. Two rare Anoplura from Kenya. (64)
1964. The hoplopleurid lice of the Indo-Malayan Subregion (Anoplura: Hoplopleuridae). (31)
1969. Haemophthirius galeopitheci Mjoeberg rediscovered; with the description of a new family of sucking lice (Haemophthiriidae). (70)
1972. Hoplopleura intermedia and its allies, with the description of a new species (67)
On the rodent-infesting Anoplura of Panama. (90)
Sucking lice of Venezuelan rodents, with remarks on related species. (38)
Neohaematopinus appressus, a new species of sucking louse from an Asian tree squirrel. (23)
Polyplax rhizomydis, a new species of sucking louse from Asian bamboo rats. (27)
Two new species of Hoplopleura from Loatian murids. (29)
Scanlon & Johnson, 1957. On some microtine-infesting Polyplax (Anoplura). (43)
Wenzel & Johnson, 1966. Checklist of the sucking lice of Panama (Anoplura). (63)
Anoplura & Mallophaga
Emerson, Maser & Whitaker, 1984. Lice (Mallophaga & Anoplura) from mammals of Oregon. (3)
Carriker, 1944. Studies in Neotropical Mallophaga (III). (4)
1949. On a collection of Mallophaga from Guam, Marianas Islands. (60)
Some bird lice of the genera Acidoproctus and Quadriceps (Neotropical Mallophaga Miscellany No. 3). (35)
1954. Studies in Neotropical Mallophaga, XI: Bird lice of the Suborder Amblycera, genus Dennyus Neumann. (10)
1957. Studies in Neotropical Mallophaga, XVI: Bird lice of the Suborder Ischnocera. (7)
1960 Studies in Neotropical Mallophaga, XVII: A new family (Trochiliphagidae) & a new genus of the lice of hummingbirds. (6)
1963. New and little known Mallophaga from Venezuelan birds (Part II). (21)
1966. A revision of the genus Furnaricola (Mallophaga) with descriptions of new species. (23)
Cicchino & Emerson, 1983. Contribucion al conocimiento de los malofagos Argentinos. XIV. Philopteridae nuevos poco conocidos parasitos de Rallidae. (17)
Elbel, 1967. Amblyceran Mallophaga (biting lice) found on the Bucerotidae (hornbills). (26)
Elbel & Emerson, 1960. A new species of Kurodaia from collared Scops owl of Thailand. (3)
Emerson, 1948. Two new species of Mallophaga. (8)
1949. A new species of Mallophaga from a partridge. (3)
North American Menoponidae (Mallophaga). III. Notes on some of Kellogg's types. (2)
Three new species of Mallophaga. (14)
1950. New species of Goniodes. (17)
The genus Lagopoecus in North America. (2)
1952. A new species of Trogoninirmus (Philopteridae: Mallophaga). (40)
1953. New North American Mallophaga. (37)
A new species of Carduiceps. (40)
1954. Two new species of Machaerilaemus. (39)
Three new African species of Clayia. (4)
1955. A review of the genus Rallicola found on Aramidae, Psophiidae and Rallidae. (9)
A new mallophagan from the screech owl. (49)
A note on the identity of Strigiphilus barbatus (Osborn) and notes on two species of Goniodes. (22)
1956. A note on the identity of Longimenopon pediculoides. (7)
Mallophaga (chewing lice) occuring on the domestic chicken. (1)
1957. Notes on Lagopoecus sinensis (Sugimoto). (212)
1958. Catalogue of the types in the Snow Entomological Museum. Part II. (Mallophaga). (5)
1960. Two new species of Craspedorrhynchus (Mallophaga) from North America. (4)
Notes on the Osborn Mallophaga types. (8)
The identity of Lipeurus volsellus Ewing. (8)
A new species of Chelopistes (Mallophaga) from Texas and Mexico. (11)
Two new species of Fulicoffula from the sora. (43)
1961. Three new species of Mallophaga from the great horned owl. (8)
A new species of Mallophaga from the peafowl. (20)
Designation of a lectotype for Amyrsidea magalosoma (Overgaard, 1943). (13)
The Vernon L. Kellogg Mallophaga type material in the United States National Museum. (3)
1962. Mallophaga (chewing lice) occuring on the turkey. (61)
The families and genera of North American (north of Mexico) Mallophaga. (14)
List of Mallophaga found on North American (north of Mexico) mammals. (14)
Mallophaga found on domestic fowl. (5)
A new species of Mallophaga from New Guinea. (14)
1963. A new species of Mallophaga from Natal. (11)
1964. A new species of Mallophaga from the blackbilled cuckoo. (22)
A new species of Mallophaga from Malaya. (2)
1965. A new species of Mallophaga from the Philippines. (42)
The Vernon. L. Kellogg Mallophaga type material in the Cornell University Collection. (9)
1966. Mallophaga of the mammals of Panama. (2)
New species and records of Rallicola from New Guinea. (26)
March 1966: A new species of Mallophaga from the caracara. (2)
May 1966: A new species of Mallophaga from the caracara. (6)
1967. Carriker on Mallophaga. (47)
1968. The host of Strachiella retusa martis Werneck. (16)
1981. Status of five species of Mallophaga described by M. A. Carriker, Jr. (54)
Emerson & Elbel, 1957. A new genus of Ischnocera. (Mallophaga) (2)
New species and records of Strigiphilus from Thailand. (5)
1961. A new species of Rallicola from southeast Asia. (29)
Emerson & Johnson, 1961. The genus Penenirmus found on North American woodpeckers. (2)
Emerson & Price, 1966. A new species of Parafelicola from the small-spotted genet. (14)
1967. A new species of Suricatoecus from the Congo. (64)
A new species of Fulicoffula from Thailand. (33)
1968. A new species of Parafelicola from Mozambique. (8)
A new species of Dennyus from the Malaysian spine-tailed swift. (10)
A new species of Rhynonirmus from Thailand. (32)
1969. A new species of Plegadiphilus from the Cayenne ibis. (26)
New species and records of Mallophaga from Nigerian mammals. (7)
1971. Three new species of Mallophaga from African mammals. (7)
A new species of Pelmatocerandra from a diving petrel. (20)
1972. A new genus and species of Mallophaga from a New Guinea bush fowl. (24)
A new species of Felicola from the Liberian mongoose. (21)
1973. A new species of Strigiphilus from the saw-whet owl, Aegolius acadicus. (5)
A new species of Damalinia from the Formosan sitka deer. (5)
1975. Mallophaga from Venezuelan mammals. (9)
1976. Abrocomophagidae, a new family from Chile. (51)
1979. Columbicola fortis, Cavifera abdita and Quateia irianensis from the magnificant ground pigeon from New Guinea. (6)
Two new species of Bovicola. (38)
1980. A new species of Rhynonirmus from the noble snipe. (49)
A new species of Suricatoecus from the western cusimanse. (30)
1981. A new species of Suricatoecus from the fennec fox from Egypt with a key to the recognized species. (40)
1982. A new species of Bovicola from the Formosan serow, Capricornis crispus swinhoei. (44)
1983. A review of the Felicola felis complex found on New World cats. (35)
1984. A new species of Goniodes from the Mallee fowl. (11)
1985. The identity of Quadriceps crasspedalis and two new species of Quadriceps. (71)
1986. Two new species of Quadriceps from Australia. (55)
Two new species of Mallophaga from the Mallee fowl in Australia. (68)
1987. New records of chewing lice found on North American wild foxes north of Mexico. (44)
1988. New species of Haematomizus off the bush pig, Potomochoerus porcus, from Ethiopia, with comments on lice found on pigs. (30)
Emerson & Stojanovich, 1963. Two new species of Mallophaga from Asia. (33)
1964. A new species of Mallophaga from the Mikado pheasant. (163)
1965. A new species of Kelerimenopon from the Philippine Islands. (4)
Ewing, 1930. The taxonomy & host relationships of the biting lice of the genera Dennyus and Eureum... (20
Hajela & Tandan, 1970. Species of Ardeicola (Mallophaga) parasitic on birds of the family Threskiornithidae. (2)
Kim & Emerson, 1971. Sucking lice from Iranian mammals. (1)
Kumar & Tandan, 1971. The species of Ardeicola (Phthiraptera: Ischnocera) parasitic on the Ciconiidae. (13)
Oniki & Emerson, 1982. A new species of Brueelia from the rufous motmot, Baryphthengus ruficapillus. (50)
Price, & Emerson, 1967. Two new species of Colpocephalum from neotropical Ciconiiformes. (14)
Additional synonymies within the amblyceran bird lice. (10)
1972. A new subgenus and three new species of Geomydoecus from Thomomys. (7)
1977. The genus Meromenopon from the Coraciiformes. (54)
1982. A new species of Eomenopon from Tasmania. (56)
1983. A new species of Nosopon from Africa. (58)
1984. A new species of Megapodiella from the Mallee fowl of Australia. (57)
1985. The identity of Nirmus eos from the rose-breasted cockatoo. (69)
1986. New species of Cummingsia from Peru and Venezuela. (66)
Two new species of Hohorstiella from New Guinea and New Britain. (65)
Two new species of Mallophaga from the black-tailed water hen of Australia. (61)
New Mallophaga from the black curassow in Venezuela. (70)
1987. A new species of Rallicola, subgenus Parricola, from the lotus bird in New Guinea. (61)
Scharf & Emerson, 1983. The subgenus Desumenopon of Amyrsidea. (55)
1984. A revision of Amyrsidea, subgenus Cracimenopon. (36)
Ward, 1955. Biting lice of the genus Saemundssonia (Mallophaga: Philopteridae) occuring on terns. (22)
Kim, Emerson & Traub, 1989. Diversity of parasitic insects: Anoplura, Mallophaga & Siphonaptera. (12)
Watson & Amerson, 1967. Instruction for collecting bird parasites. (195)
Barrera & Traub, 1967. Phalacropsylla nivalis, a new species of flea from Mexico. (86)
Ewing & I. Fox, 1943. The fleas of North America. (3)
Hoogstraal & Traub, 1963. The fleas of Egypt. Host parasite relationships of Insectivora and Chiroptera. (26)
The fleas of Egypt. Host parasite relationships of Lagomorpha (Hares). (22)
The fleas of Egypt. Host parasite reltionships of Carnivora. (2)
Hopkins & Johnson, 1959. Notes on the type material of two names proposed by Baker for fleas of the genus Foxella. (3)
Jameson, 1946. A new species of Epitedia (Siphonaptera). (1)
Jellison, Kohls & Mills, 1943. Siphonaptera. Species and host list of Montana fleas. (2)
Johnson & Traub, 1954. Revision of the flea genus Peromyscopsylla. (13)
Johnson, 1954. Myodopsylla setosa and Tiarapsylla bella, new species of fleas from Peru. (132)
1955.The genus Chaetopsylla Kohaut, 1903, in North America, with the description of a new species. (169)
1957. A redescription of the flea genus Libyastus Jordan, 1936, with the description of a new species. (83)
1961. A revision of the species of Myodopsylla Kolenati in North America. (47)
Johnson & Layne, 1961. A new species of Polygenis Jordan from Florida, with remarks on its host relationships & zoogeopgraphic significance. (32)
Rothschild & Traub, 1971. A revised glossary of terms used in the taxonomy and morphology of fleas. (57)
Schreiter & Shannon, 1927. A new and remarkable genus and species of bat flea. (2)
Segerman, 1971. A new species of Ctenophthalmus from Ghana. (5)
Smit, 1953. Results of the Archbold Expeditions. No. 70. Siphonaptera from Netherlands New Guinea. Part 1. (6)
1958. A new North American bird-flea, Ceratophyllus affinis neglectus. (119)
Traub, 1950. Sigmactenus, a new genus of flea from the Philippines. (2)
1951. Hoogstraalia turdella, a new genus and species of flea from the Philippines. (5)
1952. Records and descriptions of fleas from Peru. (4)
Johnsonaepsylla audyi, a new genus and species of flea from North Borneo, with notes on the subfamily Leptopsyllinae. (7)
1953. Wenzella obscura, a new genus and species of flea from Guatemala. (19)
1955. Karl Jordan's studies on Siphonaptera. (4)
1963. Two new African Ctenophthalmus collected by the U. S. Naval Medical Research Unit No. 3. (9)
The fleas of Egypt. Hopkinsipsylla occulta, a new genus and species of flea parasitizing jerboas. (12)
The fleas of Egypt. Two new fleas of the genus Nosopsyllus. (4)
1965. A new subgenus of Ophthalmopsylla from Gilgit, West Pakistan, and a new Hopkinsipsylla from Libya. (10)
1968. Evansipsylla thysanota, a new genus and species of flea from Nepal. (71)
Smitella thambetosa, n. gen., n. sp., a remarkable "helmeted" flea from New Guinea with notes on convergent evolution. (12)
1969. Muesebeckella, a new genus of flea from New Guinea, with notes on convergent evolution. (71)
1972. Notes on zoogeography, convergent evolution and taxonomy of fleas (Siphonaptera), based on collections from Gunong Benom and elsewhere in south-east Asia. I. New taxa (Pygiopsyllidae, Pygiopsyllinae). (3)
Notes on zoogeography, convergent evolution and taxonomy of fleas (Siphonaptera), based on collections from Gunong Benom and elsewhere in south-east Asia. II. Convergent evolution. (2)
Notes on zoogeography, convergent evolution and taxonomy of fleas (Siphonaptera), based on collections from Gunong Benom and elsewhere in south-east Asia. III. Zoogeography. (79)
Book review. A revision of the flea genus Thrassis with observations on ecology and relationship to plague. by H. E. Stark. (45)
1975. Obituary. J. R. Audy (1914-1974). (60)
1977. Tiflovia, a new genus of pygiopsyllid flea from New Guinea, with notes on convergent evolution and zoogeography. (15)
1981. Book review. An atlas of the fleas of eastern United States, A. Benton. (158)
1980. The zoogeography and evolution of some fleas. lice and mammals. (73)
Some adaptive modifications in fleas. (6)
Ecology of murine typhus. (136)
New genera and species of pygiopsyllid fleas. (16)
Traub & Barrera, 1955. Three fleas of the genus Strepsylla. (16)
1966. New species of Ctenophthalmus from Mexico, with notes on the ctenidia of shrew-fleas as examples of convergent evolution. (27)
Traub & Dunnet, 1973. Revision of the siphonapteran genus Stephanocircus. (23)
Traub & Evans, 1967. Descriptions of new species of hystrichopsyllid fleas with notes on arched pronotal combs, convergent evolution and zoogeography. (5)
Notes and descriptions of some leptopsyllid fleas. (65)
Traub & Gammons, 1950. Two new fleas of the family Tungidae. (9)
Traub & Hoff, 1951. Records and descriptions of fleas from New Mexico. (4)
Traub & Johnson, 1952. Atyphloceras tancitari and Jellisonia bonia, new species of fleas from Mexico. (9)
Kohlsia whartoni and Stenoponia ponera, new species of fleas from North America. (3)
Traub & Tipton, 1951. Jordanopsylla allredii, a new genus and species of flea from Utah. (3)
Traub, Wisseman & Farhang-Azad, 1978. The ecology of murine typhus - a critical review. (5)
Williams & Hoff, 1951. Fleas from the Upper Sonoran Zone near Albuquerque, N. Mexico. (47)
Kern, W.H., Jr., P.G. Koehler & R.S. Patterson. Horizontal dispersal of cat flea larvae (Ctenocephalides felis felis).
Lawrence, W., G. Henderson & L.D. Foil. Susceptibility of cat flea pupae to the parasitic nematode Steinernema carpocapsae.
Dryden, M.W. & B. Breault. Evaluation of adulticides and an insect growth regulator to control flea populations in naturally infested homes.
Palma, K.G., W.R. Cambell & R.W. Meola. Efficacy of cat foam containing fenoxycarb and pyrethrum as an on-animal treatment.
R.W. Meola, S. Ready & S. Meola. Physiological effects of pyriproxyfen on adult cat fleas.
R. Eckerlin, T. Galloway, J.H. Greve, PAN X.-j., Pilgrim, R., Sapegina, V.F., Sleeman, P. & WANG D.-q.
aethiopica Beaucournu & Morel. Chiastopsylla
caecus Beaucournu & Morel. Ctenophthalmus
iae Beaucournu & Kock. Nycteridopsylla
laxiprojectus LI K.-c. Ctenophthalmus
lushuiensis GONG Z.-d & HUANG W.-l. Ctenophthalmus
nushanensis GONG Z.-d. & LI Z.- x. Palaeopsylla
parthicus Medvedev & Alifirenko. Ctenophthalmus
quadrata GONG Z.-d. Geusibia
scalonae Kotti. Frontopsylla
weiningensis LI K.-c. Amphipsylla
xiei GONG Z.-d. & DUAN X.-d. Ctenophthalmus
zii GONG Z.-d. Hystrichopsylla
exiensis WANG D.-q. & LIU J.-y. Ctenophthalmus
lopesi Guimaeães & Linardi Hechtiella
siboi YE R.-y. & YU X. Neopsylla
zhengi XIE B.-q., HE J.-h. & CHAO Z.-j. Chaetopsylla
peninsularis Lewis Thrassis
1987 (List 13)
Evrard, E. La peste d'Athenes (430-427 avant J.-C.) essai d'un diagnostic. Revue International des Service de santé des Forces Armées 60(7-17): 161-174.
1989 (List 11)
Velimirovic, B. & H. Velimirovic. Plague in Vienna. Reviews of Infectious Diseases 11(5): 808-826.
1990 (List 8)
CAO Li-ping & HE Lin. Air-drying and banding techniques for flea chromosome preparations. Hereditas (Beijing) 12(6): 32-33, 30.
Kutzer, E. & M. Löwenstein. Tierflöhe als Lä stinge beim Menschen. In: Vorträge der Entomologentagung in Ulm vom 5 bis 9 April 1989, Teil II. Mitteilungen der Deutschen Gesellschafte für Allgemeine und Angewandte Entomologie 7(4-6): 499-503.
Putintseva, L.S. & V.P. Dremova. Comparative evaluation of the insecticidal activity of pyrethroid-based preparations. Meditsinskaya Parazitologiya i Parazitarnye Bolezni. Moskva. (1992) 1: 3942.
Sapegina, V.F. The fleas of small mammals in the southeastern Altai. In: Success of Medical Entomology and Acarology in the SSSR. Congress of the All-Union Society of Entomologists, Leningrad, 11-15-September-1989. pp. 36-38.
1991 (List 7)
Brown, D.W. & W.H. Robinson. Distribution of the immature stages of the cat flea Ctenocephalides felis (Bouché) in a household environment. Japanese Journal of Environmental Entomology & Zoology 3: 70-74.
El-Okbi, L.M.A., T.A. Morsy, F.A. El-Shayeb, M.M.A. Salama & M.M. Abou Gamrah. Fleas as an allergen in Egyptian asthmatic patients. Journal of the Egyptian Society of Parasitology 21(3): 641-655.
Hedges, S. Flea control. Pest Control Technology 19(8): 50-52.
LIU Quan, GE Long & LAN Xiao-hui. Description of a new species of Paradoxopsyllus from Xizhang China, with discussion of the division of species groups in the genus (Siphonaptera: Leptopsyllidae). Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica 16(1): 114-118.
LIU Quan, LI Zheng-hai & CHANG Fong-bo. Description of a new species of the genus Paradoxopsyllus from Hebei, China, with some supplemental characters in the diagnosis of the genus. Endemic Diseases Bulletin 6(3): 119-123.
Rust, M.K. Life history and habits of fleas. Pest Control Technology 19(7): 56, 70.
Schöffel, I. The parasite fauna of the red fox (Vulpes vulpes) in West Berlin, and serological tests for Borrelia burgdorferi antibodies. Inaugural Dissertation, Veterinärmedzin, Freie Universität Berlin, Berlin, Germany. 121 pp.
Story, K. IGRs and flea control. Pest Control Technology 19(7): 72-74.
1992 (List 5)
Breathnach, R.M. Immune-mediated dermatoses - a summer perspective in dogs. Irish Veterinary News 14(8): 17, 21
Bree, R. de & W.A. van Vloten. Tungaisis. Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Geneeskunde 136(28): 1359-1362.
Chumakova, I.V., A.M. Belokopytova & F.I. Tovkanve. Study of the insecticidal activity of the synthetic pyrethroid Decis on rodent fleas. Meditsinskaya Parazitologiya i Parazitarnye Bolezni. Moskva. (1992) : 32-34.
Chumakova, I.V., F.I. Tovkanev, G.V. Trufanov, M.P. Kozlov, A.V. Survilo & A.A. Begdia. Study of the insecticidal effect of Fenaks on fleas of wild rodents. Meditsinskaya Parazitologiya i Parazitarnye Bolezni. Moskva. (1992) 1: 5-6, 48-50.
Davidson, W.R., M.J. Appel, G.L. Doster, O.E. Baker & J.F. Brown. Diseases and parasites of red foxes, gray foxes and coyotes from commercial sources selling to fox-chasing enclosures. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 28(4): 581-589.
Farkas, R. Ectoparasites and their role in the rise of the dermatoses [in dogs and cats]. Magyar Allatorvosok Lapja 47(10): 544-546. [in Hungarian]
Holzman, S., M.J. Conroy & W.R. Davidson. Diseases, parasites and survival of coyotes in south-central Georgia. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 28(4): 572-580.
Kilonzo, B.S. Observations on the epidemiology of plague in Tanzania during the period 1974-1988. East African Medical Journal 69(9): 494-499.
Putsintseva, L.S., V.P. Dremova, V.V. Labzin, F.V. Gitsu & E.V. Dem'yanov. Efficacy of the new insecticide ethofenprox (Trebon) in the control of different species of insects. Meditsinskaya Parazitologiya i Parazitarnye Bolezni. Moskva. (1992) : 57-59.
Shaheen, N. Boric acid stops flea hopping - naturally. Pest Control 60(6): 50, 52.
Suntsov, V.V., T.V.K. Li & N.I. Suntsova. Remarks on fleas (Siphonaptera) in foci of plague on the Tay Nguyen Plateau [Vietnam]. Parazitologiya 26(6): 516-520.
XIE Bao-qi. The flea fauna and the flea species in relation to plague in Yunnan Province, China. Endemic Diseases Bulletin 7(4): 45-50.
1993 (List 3)
Bandyopadhyay, B. & J.S. Sarma. Therapeutic evaluation of Deltamethrin and Amitraz against organophosphate resistant canine ticks and fleas. Indian Veterinary Journal 70(11): 1053-1055.
Beaucournu, J.C., M. le Piver & C. Guiguen. Acualite de la conquete de l'Afrique intertropicale par Pulex irritans Linné, 1758. Bulletin de la Société de Pathologie Exotique. Paris. 86(4): 290-294.
Bille, N. Danish Pest Infestation Laboratory Annual Report, 1992. 85 pp.
Farkas, R. Possibilities of the chemical control of ectoparasitosis - survey of the situation in Hungary. Magyar Allatorvosok Lapja 48(12): 764-766. [in Hungarian]
Graham, E. Fleas start to yield their bloody secrets to dogged research. They can leap high to scale a victim, but can't abide insect growth regulator. The Wall Street Journal 75(52): 1, 3.
Guimarães, L.R. & P.M. Linardi. Hechtiella lopesi sp. n. from Sao Paulo State, Brazil (Siphonaptera: Rhopalopsyllidae). Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. Rio de Janeiro 88(4): 547-550.
Hopla, C.E. Cliff swallows and ectoparasites: Co-adaptation and vector relationships. In: D. Borovsky & A. Spielman (eds.). Host regulated developmental mechanisms in vector arthropods: Proceedings of the third symposium. Vero Beach, FL, 8-11-February-1993. pp. 200-208.
Jackson, M.H. & W.M. Hutchinson. Unwanted cats - physical condition, Toxoplasma infection and ectoparasites. British Veterinary Journal 149(3): 295-297.
Kilonzo, B.S., N.D. Gisakanyi & C.A. Sabuni. Involvement of dogs in plague epidemiology in Tanzania. Serological observations in domestic animals in Lushoto District. Scandanavian Journal of Infectious Diseases 25(4): 503-506.
Lewis, R.E. & J. Segerman. 7. Botha De Meillon's contribution to the systematics of South African Siphonaptera (Insecta). In: M. Coetzee (ed.). Entomologist Extraordinary. A Festschrift in honour of Botha De Meillon. South African Institute for Medical Research. 114 pp.
Marchiondo, A.A. Safe and effective flea control for cats. Veterinary Technician 14(4) 235, 243.
Mir, A.S., B.A. Pandit, R.A. Shaharder & M.A.A. Banday. Prevalence of ectoparasites in indigenous fowls of Kashmir Valley. Indian Veterinary Journal 70(11): 1071-1073.
Miyamoto, K. Cases of itchy eruption caused by the sparrow flea, Ceratophyllus gallinae dilatus (Siphonaptera: Ceratophyllidae). Japanese Journal of Sanitary Zoology 44(2): 97-99.
Morsy, T.A., G.A. El-Kady, M.M. Salama & A.H. Sabry. The seasonal abundance of Gerbillus pyramidum and their flea ectoparasites in Al Arish, North Sinai Governorate, Egypt. Journal of the Egyptian Society of Parasitology 23(1): 269-276.
Opdebeeck, J.P. & B. Slacek. An attempt to protect cats against infestation with Ctenocephalides felis felis using gut membrane antigens as a vaccine. International Journal of Parasitology 23(8): 1063-1067.
PAN Xiao-jun. Studies on the flea phallosome: Observations on the Ceratophyllidae. Acta Entomologica Sinica 36(3): 347-353.
Poiani, A. Small clutch sizes as a possible adaptation against ectoparasitism: A comparative analysis. Oikos 68(3): 455-462.
Prasad, R.S. A hypothesis on host dependency of rat fleas. In: D. Borovsky & A. Spielman (eds.). Host regulated developmental mechanisms in vector arthropods: Proceedings of the third symposium. Vero Beach, FL, 8-11-February-1993. pp. 175-177.
Richner, H., A. Oppliger & P. Christe. Effect of an ectoparasite on reproduction in great tits. Journal of Animal Ecology 64(4): 703-710.
Robertson, H.M. & E.G. MacLeod. Five major subfamilies of mariner transportable elements in insects, including the Mediterranean fruit fly and related arthropods. Insect Molecular Biology 2(3): 125-139.
Rozsa, L. Speciation patterns of ectoparasites and "straggling" lice. International Journal of Parasitology 23(7): 859-864.
Smiddy, P. & D.P. Sleeman. Avian fleas in Ireland: A review of their distribution and hosts. Irish Birds 5: 55-60.
Sorvillo, F.J., B. Gondo, R. Emmons, P. Ryan, S.H. Waterman, A. Tilzer, E.M. Anderson, R.A. Murray & A.R. Barr. A suburban focus of endemic typhus in Los Angeles County: Association with seropositive cats and opossums. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 48(2): 269-273.
Spradbery, P., J. Bromley, R. Dixon & L. Tetlow. Tungaisis in an overseas traveller - Case report. Communicable Diseases Intelligence 17(24): 571-572.
Tappero, J.W., J.E. Koeler, T.G. Berger, C.J. Cockerell, LEE Tzong-hae, M.P. Busch, D.P. Stites, J. Mohle-Boetani, A.L. Reingold & P.E. LeBoit. Bacillary angiomatosis and bacillary splenitis in immunocompetent adults. Annals of Internal Medicine 118(5): 363-365.
WANG Dun-qing & LIU Jing-yuan. A new flea of the genus Ctenophthalmus Kolenati, 1856 (Siphonaptera: Hystrichopsyllidae). Acta Zootaxonomia Sinica 18(4): 490-492.
Yaphé, W., S. Giovengo & N.S. Moise. Severe cardiomegaly secondary to anemia in a kitten. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 202(6): 961-964.
YE Rui-yu & YU Xin. On a new species of Neopsylla and its larval morphology (Siphonaptera: Hystrichopsyllidae). Acta Entomologica Sinica 36(3): 371-374.
Zangwill, K.M., D.H. Hamilton, B.A. Perkins, R.L. Regnery, B.D. Plikaytis, J.L. Hadler, M.L. Cartter & J.D. Wenger. Cat scratch disease in Connecticut. Epidemiology, risk factors, and evaluation of a new diagnostic test. New England Journal of Medicine 329(1): 8-13.
1994 (List 1)
Anonymous. Use of Tiguvon for flea control. Tijdschrift voor Diergeneeskunde 119(2): 45.
Best, T.L., S.L. Burt & J.L. Bartig. Tamias quadrivittatus. Mammalian Species 466: 1-7.
Best, T.L. & T.H. Henry. Lepus arcticus. Mammalian Species 457: 1-9.
Burt, S.L. & T.L. Best. Tamias rufus. Mammalian Species 460: 1-6.
Christe, P., A. Oppliger & H. Richner. Ectoparasite affects choice of roost sites in the great tit, Parus major. Animal Behaviour 47: 895-898.
Clawson, R.G., J.A. Clawson & T.L. Best. Tamias quadrimaculatus. Mammalian Species 469: 1-6.
Dryden, M.W. & V. Smith. Cat flea (Siphonaptera: Pulicidae) cocoon formation and development of naked flea pupae. Journal of Medical Entomology 31(2): 272-277.
Dryden, M.W. & M.K. Rust. The cat flea: Biology, ecology and control. Veterinary Parasitology 52: 1-19.
Joy, J.E. & N.J. Briscoe. Parasitic arthropods of white-footed mice at McClintic Wildlife Station, West Virginia. Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association 10(1): 108-111.
Koehler, J.E., C.A. Glaser & J.W. Tappero. Rochalimaea henselae infection - a new zoonoses with the domestic cat as reservoir. Journal of the American Medical Association 271(7): 531-535.
Lang, J.D. Fleas found on mammals in San Diego County, California. Bulletin of the Society for Vector Ecology 18(2): 114-124.
Larson, O.R., R.G. Schwab & A. Fairbrother. Seasonal abundance of fleas on deer mice from northertn California. (Abstract). Annual Midwestern Conference of Parasitologists 46th Meeting, 10-11-June-1994. Murray State University, Murray, KY. page 11.
Lehmann, T. Reinfestation analysis to estimate ectoparasite population size, emergence and mortality. Journal of Medical Entomology 31(2): 257-264.
Lewis, R.E. A new species of Thrassis from Baja California, Mexico (Siphonaptera: Ceratophyllidae). Journal of the New York Entomological Society 101(4): 536-541 (1993).
Lewis, R.E. & J.H. Lewis. Siphonaptera of North America north of Mexico: Vermipsyllidae & Rhopalopsyllidae. Journal of Medical Entomology 31(1): 82-98.
Lewis, R.E. & J.H. Lewis. Siphonaptera of North America north of Mexico: Ischnopsyllidae. Journal of Medical Entomology 31(3): 348-368.
McKeon, S.E. & J.P. Opdebeeck. IgG and IgE antibodies against antigens of the cat flea, Ctenocephalides felis felis, in sera of allergic and non-allergic dogs. Internationl Journal of Parasitology 24(2): 259-264.
Oppliger, P.O., H. Richer & P. Christe. Effect of an ectoparasite on lay date, nest-site choice, desertion, and hatching success in the great tit (Parus major). Behavioral Ecology 5(2): 130-135.
Pape, J. Feline plague. Colorado Disease Bulletin 21(4): 1-2.
Reichardt, T.R. & T.D. Galloway. Seasonal occurence and reproductive status of Opisocrostis brunneri (Siphonaptera: Ceratophyllidae), a flea on Franklin's ground squirrel, Spermophilus franklini (Rodentia: Sciuridae) near Birds Hill Park, Manitoba. Journal of Medical Entomology 31(1): 105-113.
Rydell J. & H.J. Baagøe. Vespertilio murinus. Mammalian Species 467: 1-6.
Sheffield, S.R. & C.M. King. Mustela nivalis. Mammalian Species 454: 1-10.
Silverman, J. & A.G. Appel. Adult cat flea (Siphonaptera: Pulicidae) excretion of host blood proteins in relation to larval nutrition. Journal of Medical Entomology 31(2): 265-271.
Tompkins, L.S. Rochalimaea infections - Are they zoonoses? Journal of the American Medical Association 127(7): 553-554.